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20 terms

Rome/Asia-India and China Vocabulary

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Chandragupta Maurya
Killed Nanda King so constant fear of assassination because he killed him.
He made servants taste food, and sleep in different rooms every night.
Guards at all times.
Voluntarily gave up the thrown and converted to Janism, and starved to death.
Gupta Golden Age-Political
Centralized government-Gupta Dynasty
Created bureaucracy
Period of peace-After defeated Shakas
Bureaucracy
A system of departments and agencies formed to carry out the work of government.
Civil Service
The administrative departments of a government-- especially those in which employees are hired on the basis of their scores on examinations.
Gupta Golden Age-Economic
Taxing
Wealth & Prosperity
Middle men on Silk roads-trade posts
Gupta defeated Shakas
Ujjain & Gugarat
Golden Age/ Chandragupta II
Explosion of achievements:
Stories and fables were culturally diffused that influenced 1001 Arabian Nights.
Astronomers concluded that earth was round, and rotated.
Math worked with negative numbers and quadratic equations.
Developed concepts of zero and Arabic numerals.
Calculated pi.
Monopoly
Occurs when a group has exclusive control over the production and distribution of certain goods.
Paper
Invented 105 C.E.
Cheap
"Ends justify the means"
Justify-To show or to be right.
"Peace to all beings"
Nonviolence
Peace everywhere=Safety
Assimilation
The process of making these conquered people part of the Chinese culture.
Wudi
Held the throne longer than any other Han emperor.
Centralized government
A government in which power is concentrated in a central authority to which local governments are subject.
Han Dynasty
A Chinese dynasty that ruled from 202 B.C. to 9 A.D. and again from 23 A.D. to 220.
Tamil...
A language of southern India--also, the people who speak that language.
Religious Toleration
Tolerance-Compassion
Compassion for your religion or other religions that are important to you.
Asoka
Ruled from 269 BCE-232 BCE, the grandson of Chandragupta who also was a leader of the Mauryan Empire. He converted to Buddhism from Hinduism and tolerated other religions other then Buddhism when he was the leader. He is the most honored leader of the Mauryan Empire and controlled a very successful civilization.
Julius Ceasar
Roman military leader who joined forces in 60 B.C.E. with other powerful Romans; he was elected consul in 59 B.C.E., then, along with Pompey and Crassus, dominated Rome through the triumvirate—he was a strong leader and a genius at military strategy; served one years as consul, then became governor of Gaul, of which he led the conquest—he was popular among the military and Roman people, especially the poor, but made enemies of the other members of the triumvirate, the nobility, and ultimately, the senate (though the senate appointed him "dictator for life" in 44 B.C.E.; Caesar governed as an absolute ruler but gained the support of many through his reforms, including granting
Roman citizenship to provincial peoples, expanding the senate, creating jobs for the poor,
began a colony on which landless people could own property, and increased soldiers' pay—
Caesar's burgeoning power, success, and popularity threatened the senate's influence—
others considered him a tyrant; senators plotted his assassination and stabbed him to death
in 44 B.C.E.
Roman Empire
An empire established by Augustus in 27 BC and divided in AD 395 into the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern or Byzantine Empire. at its peak lands in Europe and Africa and Asia were ruled by ancient Rome.
Pax Romana
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180.