Power Distance : the extent to which equality, or inequality, between people in a society is accepted
Individualism/Collectivism: the degree the society reinforces individual or collective achievements and interpersonal interactions
Uncertainty Avoidance: the extent to which different cultures socialize their members into accepting ambiguous situations and tolerating ambiguity
4. Masculinity/Femininity: whether dominant social values are masculine with emphasis on control, power, material achievements as opposed to gender equality , nurturing, and quality of life
Hofstede subsequently expanded his original research
to include a fifth dimension that he argued captured additional cultural differences. He referred to this dimension as Confucian dynamism also known as long-term orientation.
5. Long-term Orientation: the extent to which a society embraces long term commitments by savings for future betterment; respect for tradition; perseverance; protection of face, and reciprocity. East Asian countries such as Japan, Hong Kong and Thailand scored high on long-term orientation, while nations such as Australia and New Zealand scored low (more inclined towards quick results and instant gratification).
6. Indulgence: the extent to which people try to control their desires and impulses, based on the way they were raised. Relatively weak control is called "Indulgence" and relatively strong control is called "Restraint".