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13 terms

Parts of the cell vocab MIDYEAR REVIEW

cell organelles
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Cytoplasm
material inside the cell membrane—not including the nucleus
vacuole
cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates
DNA
holds the genetic info of the cell
nucleolus
small, dense region within most nuclei in which the assembly of proteins begins
nucleus
controls all the cell's activities
ribosome
small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and protein
smooth ER
enzymes that perform specialized tasks
rough ER
protein synthesis, channels proteins to golgi apparatus
golgi apparatus
stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum
cell membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell
mitochondria
cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use
centriole
one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal cells near the nuclear envelope
lysosome
cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certain materials in the cell