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cell organelles


material inside the cell membrane—not including the nucleus


cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates


holds the genetic info of the cell


small, dense region within most nuclei in which the assembly of proteins begins


controls all the cell's activities


small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and protein

smooth ER

enzymes that perform specialized tasks

rough ER

protein synthesis, channels proteins to golgi apparatus

golgi apparatus

stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum

cell membrane

thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell


cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use


one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal cells near the nuclear envelope


cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certain materials in the cell

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