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fixed pattern of behavior common to all members of a species


bears hibernate because of

an instinct

instinct theory most clearly assumes that behavior is influenced by

genetic predispositions

a physiological state that triggers motivation arousal


an aroused or activated state that is often triggered by a physiological need is called a


for a thirsty person, water serves to reduce

a drive

the body's tendency to maintain a constant internal state is know as


emphasizes the importance of homeostasis in motivation

drive reduction theory

positive and negative environmental stimuli that motivate behavior are called


victims of famine will often eat unappetizing and nutritionally poor food simply to relieve their constant hunger. this is explained by

drive-reduction theory

explains why people like tho watch horror movies

arousal theory

most basic in maslows hierarchy of human motives includes need for

food and drink

maslow referred to the needs for purpose and meaning that lie beyond the self as

self transcendence

hunger controls are located in the brains


increases of ______ increases hunger


increase of ________ decreases hunger

blood sugar

ghrelin (influences appetite) is secreted by the


preference for sweet tastes are


preference for salty tastes are


solitary confinement is a form of


the basic components of emotion are

behaviors, arousal, and experience.

states to experience emotion is to be aware of our psychological responses to an emotion- arousing event

james lange theory

states that the experience of an emotion occurs simultaneously with physiological arousal

cannon bard theory

2 factor theory places more importance of ____ than james lange theory

cognitive activity

states that the two basic components of emotions are a cognitive label and physical arousal

two factor theory

hormones that increases heart rate, blood pressure, and blood sugar during an emergency is


arouses the body and mobilizes its energy is a stressful situation

sympathetic nervous system

slows the heart rate and accelerates digestion

parasympathetic nervous system

the secretion of stress hormones

draws energy away from immune activity

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