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AP US Gov Supreme Court Cases

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McCullouch v. Maryland
The court case that ruled that the United States bank was constitutional
Gibbons v. Ogden
Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government
Baron v. Baltimore
Bill of Rights applied only to USA, not the states
United States v. Lopez
Congress had exceeded its commerce clause power by prohibiting guns in a school zone
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Shaw v. Reno
Allowed creation of majority-minority districts.
Easley v. Cromartie
Court said it was not an unconstitutional racial gerrymander -- race is not an illegitimate consideration in redistricting as long as it is not the dominant and controlling one.
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Supreme Court case that decided US Congress did not have the power to prohibit slavery in federal territories and slaves, as private property, could not be taken away without due process - basically slaves would remain slaves in non-slave states and slaves could not sue because they were not citizens
Roe v. Wade
(1973) legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy
Baker v. Carr
Reapportionment can be heard by court
Miranda v. Arizona
The accused must be notified of their rights before being questioned by the police; Miranda rights
Plessy v. Ferguson
Supreme Court case which stipulated that seperate but equal facilities were constitutional
Brown v. Board of Education
Court ruled that segregation was unconstitutional, overturned Plessey v Ferguson.
Lemon v. Kurtzman
The 1971 Supreme Court decision that established that aid to church-related schools must (1) have a secular legislative purpose; (2) have a primary effect that neither advances nor inhibits religion; and (3) not foster excessive government entanglement with religion.
Casey v. Planned Parenthood
Upheld Roe v. Wade, abortion: 24-hour waiting on all abortions minors must have parental permission
Griswold v. Connecticut
Established that there is an implied right to privacy in the U.S. Constitution
Mapp v. Ohio
Established the exclusionary rule was applicable to the states (evidence seized illegally cannot be used in court)
Gitlow v. New York
Established selective incorporation of the Bill of rights; states cannot deny freedom of speech; protected through the 14th amendment
Gideon v. Wainwright
A person who cannot afford an attorney may have one appointed by the government
Engle v. Vitale
Mandatory prayer in schools is a violation of the establishment clause
United States v. Nixon
1974 Supreme Court decision that executive privilege does not give one the authority to hide documents
Clinton v. City of New York
1998 Supreme Court decision that the line-item veto is unconstitutional
Goldberg v. Kelly
14th amendment requires welfare recipients to have a notice/hearing before state can stop benefits
Buckley v. Valeo
Candidates can use as much of their own money on their own campaigns