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tiny cells that grow into new organisms; light weight and can be carried by wind


tiny holes in plant leaves that allow for exchange of gases

Nonvascular Plants

plants that lack tissues to transport substances (such as water and sugars); absorb nutrients through their cells; no roots {ex: moss, liverwort, hornwort}

Vascular Plant

plants that hav tube-like structures throughout the plant that allow them to transport materials


vessels that conduct water and minerals from roots to the rest of the plant


vessels that conduct starch and sugars away from leaves (photosynthesis) down the stem


nonflowering vascular plants; most produce cones and are called conifers


flowering plants


male part of the flower (contains the anther)


contained in stamen; contains pollen grains

Pollen Grains

contained in anther; make pollen


female part of the flower


the part of a pistil that receives the pollen


a narrow, usually cylindrical extension of the pistil; bears the stigma at its apex


he enlarged lower part of the pistil in angiospermous plants, enclosing the ovules or young seeds


depositing pollen in female reproductive part of plant resulting in fertilization


the plant part that contains the embryo sac and hence the female germ cell, after fertilization develops into a seed.

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