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The European explorers who followed Columbus to North America

Continued to view themselves as Europeans

The ideals that the colonists cherished as synonymous with American life included reverence for all of the following ideas except

opposition to slavery

By the 1770's, which of the following issues helped bring about a crisis of imperial authority?

Taxation, self-rule, and trade restrictions

The exsistence of a single original continent has been proved by the presence of

the discovery of nearly identical species of fish in long-separated freshwater lakes

The Great Ice Age accounted for the origins of North America's human history because

it exposed a land bridge connecting Eurasia with North America

Most likely the first Americans were

people who crossed the land bridge from Eurasia to North America

In 1492, when Europeans arrived in the Americas, the total of the two continents' populations was perhaps

54 million

Some of the more advanced Native American cultures did all of the following except

engage in significant ocean voyages of discovery

The crop that became the staple of life in Mexico and South America was


Native American civilization was least highly developed in

North America

One of the main factors that enabled Europeans to conquer native North Americans with relative ease was the

absence of dense concentrations of population or complex nation-states in North America

The development of "three sister" farming on the southeast Atlantic seaboard

produced a rich diet that led to high population densities

All of the following were original territories of North American Indian populations within the current borders of the US except


Europeans wanted to discover a new, shorter route to eastern Asia in order to

break the hold that Muslim merchants hand on trade with Asia
reduce the price of goods from Asia
gain more profits for themselves
reduce the time it too to transport goods

Before the middle of the fifteenth century, sub-Saharan Africa had remained remote and mysterious to Europeans because

sea travel down the African coast had been virtually impossible

Which groupwas responsible for slave trading in Africa long before the Europeans had arrived?

The Arabs and Africans

In the last half of the fifteenth century, some forty thousand Africans were forced into slavery by Portuagal and Spain to

work on plantations on the Atlantic sugar islands

The origins of the modern platation system can be found in the

Portuguese slave trade

Spain was united into a signle nation-state when

Ferdinand and Isabella married and the African Moors were expelled

The stage was set for a cataclysmic shift in the course of history when

Europeans clamored for more and cheaper products from Asia
Africa was established as a source of slave labor
the Portuguese demonstrated the feasibility of long-range ocean navigation
the Renaissance nurtured a spirit of optimism and adventure

In an effort to reach the Indies, Spain looked westward because

Portugal controlled the African coast

After his first voyage, Christopher Columbus believed that he had

sailed to the outskirts of the East Indies

Columbus called the native people in the "New World" Indians

because he believed that he had skirted the rim of the "Indies"

Which of the following New World plants revolutionized the international economy

Maize, Potatoes, Beans, and Tomatoes

The introduction of American plants around the world resulted in

rapid population growth in Europe

European contact with Native Americans led to

the deaths of millions of Native Americans, who had little resistance to European diseases

European explorers introduced what into the New World?


The flood of precious metal from the New World to Europe resulted in

the growth of capitalism

The institution of encomienda allowed the

European governments to give Indians to colonists if they promised to Christianize them

Men became conquistadores because they wanted to

gain God's favor by spreading Christianity
escape dubious pasts
seek adventure, as the heroes of classical antiquity had done
satisfy their desire for gold

The Aztec chief Moctezuma allowed Cortes to enter the capital of Tenochtitlan because

Montezuma believe that Cortes was the god Quetzalcoatl

Spain began to fortify and settle its North American border lands in order to

protect its domains from encroachments by England and France

As a result of Pope's Rebellion in 1680, the

Pueblo Indians destroyed every Catholic church in the province of New Mexico

The treatment of the Native Americans by the Spanish conquistadores can be described as

at times brutal and exploitative

False concept, which held the Spanish conquerors merely tortured and butchered the Indians, stole their gold, infected them with smallpox, and left little but misery behind

Black Legend

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