Eukaryotic-substance inside plasma membrane and outside nucleus; Cytoskeleton: internal structure of microfilaments, intermediate filaments, microtubules; support, shape, movement of cell and substances inside. Cytoplasmic streaming: movement of cytoplasm throughout cell; helps distribute nutrients and move cell; enzymes sequestered in cytoplasmic organelles.
Prokaryotic: substance inside plasma membrane, mostly water; ions, lipids, carbohydrates, major structures are nucleoid-contains bacterial chromosome and ribosomes-sites of protein synthesis, plasmids-circular, extrachromosomal DNA, can be lost/gained, antibiotic resistance, toxin, enzymes
-two kinds of viruses depending on type of nucleic acid:
1) DNA viruses
-double stranded DNA (dsDNA) are varlola (smallpox), varicella-zoster (chickenpox and shingles), herpes
-single stranded DNA (ssDNA) are bacteriophages-targets bacteria, humans can't be infected we're not bacteria.
2) RNA viruses
-ssRNA are measles, mumps, rubella, influenza, rabies, Ebola, proliovirus, west nile, rhinovirus
-dsRNA are plant viruses