Chp 1 A&P
chp 1 lecture
study of body structure
Use of the techniques of inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation to obtain information about the structure and function of body parts.
to examine by touch
a physical examination method of listening to sounds within the body with stethoscope
tapping a part of the body for diagnostic purposes
Cutting up and separating structures and tissue to examine.
study of the body parts visible to the naked eye
the study of the microscopic structure of tissues
study of how the body functions
a series of steps followed to solve problems including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions
a process of making numerous observations until one feels confident in drawing generalizations and predictions from them
Hypothetico Deductive Method
Ask a question and develop an experiment to figure out the answer.
an educated guess
the testing of an idea
The requirement that a scientific theory must be stated in a way that it can be tested and disproved if it is indeed wrong
What to consider in an experimental design.
Sample size, variation, control group, treatment group,psychosomatic effects, and experimental bias.
Receives "0" level treatment and placebos
Use double blind studies to prevent
Undisputed and can be verified.
Laws of nature
Generalization about the predictable ways in which matter and energy behave.
Statement of explanation, supported by facts, laws of nature, and experimentation.
Organization of Living Systems in order
the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
two or more atoms joined together
specialized structures that carry out specific cell functions
basic unit of life
group of similar cells that perform a particular function
a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body.
a group of organs that work together in performing vital body functions
A living thing
Characteristics of life
Organization, Cellular composition, Metabolism and excretion, Responsiveness, Homeostasis, Development and Growth, Reproduction and Evolution.
the sum of all chemical processes that occur in an organism
the bodily process of discharging waste matter
is the organism's ability to sense changes taking place inside or outside the body
process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable internal environment
The process of change that occurs during an organism's life to produce a more complex organism.
increase in size
production of offspring by an organism; a characteristic of all living things
change in a kind of organism over time
non-living parasites composed of a genome inside a protein coat
Negative feedback system
Reverses a change in a controlled condition. e.g. regulation of (high) blood pressure.
Feedback that tends to magnify a process or increase its output.
maintain homeostasis-detects and responds to changes in internal environment (positive and negative)