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designing remedies for overcoming racism and sexism by taking race and sex into account
a supreme court ruling stating that a college may not use an explicit numerical quota in admitting minorities but could "take race into account"
brown v. board of education
a supreme court decision declaring segregated schools inherently unequal
the rights of citizens to vote, receive equal treatment before the law, and share benefits of public facilities
helping disadvantaged people catch up, usually by giving them extra education, training, or services
nonviolent civil disobedience
A philosophy of peaceful violation of laws considered unjust and accepting punishment for the violation
giving minorities preference in hiring, promotions, college admissions, and contracts
the standard by which the supreme court judges classifications based on race: they must have a compelling public purpose
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