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38 terms

Greco/Roman

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anarchy
no government
local autonomy
having a governer who can make decisions on their own
aristocracy
rule by privilaged upergroup class, the most powerful members of a society
assimilate
to absorb or become absorbed; to make or become similar
consul
one of two officials who led the government in the ancient Roman republic
inflation
increased prices for goods and services combined with the reduced value of money
republic
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
rhetoric
the art of using language effectively and persuasively
Sophists
professional teachers in ancient Greece who traveled from city to city teaching others
veto
vote against
Senate
In ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of aristocrats
Assembly
a group of citizens in an ancient Greek democracy with the power to pass laws
collegia
workers' trade assosciations in ancient Rome
latifundia
large farming estates in ancient Rome owned by wealthy families
Socrates
ancient Athenian philosopher
Socratic Method
a method of teaching by question and answer
Plato
ancient Athenian philosopher, student of Socrates
the Academy
School founded by Plato in Athens to train statesmen and citizens, focus on philosophy
Aristotle
one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers, student of Plato
the Lyceum
the name of Aristotle's school when he returned to Athens after Plato's death
Herodotus
"founder of history", wrote first written history of western Europe
Council of 500
A group of 500 Athenian citizens randomly elected for one year to propose laws in Athens
representitive democracy
government by representitives of the people
direct democracy
a form of democracy in which the people vote
Pax Romana
200 year period of peace in Rome
aqueducts
Bridge-like stone structures that carry water from the hills into Roman cities
Twelve Tables
Rome's first code of laws
Praetorian Guard
the elite bodyguard of a Roman Emperor
Colloseum
where gladiators fought to death as well as the persecution of Christians
magistrates
elected officials of Rome's government
censors
Roman officials who registered citizens according to their wealth
patricians
powerful landowners who controlled Roman government and society
plebians
Members of the lower class of Ancient Rome including farmers, merchants, artisans and traders
Constantine
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians, Bystantine-->Constantinople
legion
A military unit of the ancient Roman army, made up of about 5,000 foot soldiers and a group of soldiers on horseback
Germans, Vandals, Huns, Ostrogoths, Visiogoths
barbarian tribes who attacked the Roman Empire which led to it's decline
Alaric
king of the Visigoths who captured Rome in 410 (370-410)
Diocletian
Roman Emperor who divided the empire in two and oversaw the eastern part, slowed the decline of Roman Empire