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no government

local autonomy

having a governer who can make decisions on their own


rule by privilaged upergroup class, the most powerful members of a society


to absorb or become absorbed; to make or become similar


one of two officials who led the government in the ancient Roman republic


increased prices for goods and services combined with the reduced value of money


a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them


the art of using language effectively and persuasively


professional teachers in ancient Greece who traveled from city to city teaching others


vote against


In ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of aristocrats


a group of citizens in an ancient Greek democracy with the power to pass laws


workers' trade assosciations in ancient Rome


large farming estates in ancient Rome owned by wealthy families


ancient Athenian philosopher

Socratic Method

a method of teaching by question and answer


ancient Athenian philosopher, student of Socrates

the Academy

School founded by Plato in Athens to train statesmen and citizens, focus on philosophy


one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers, student of Plato

the Lyceum

the name of Aristotle's school when he returned to Athens after Plato's death


"founder of history", wrote first written history of western Europe

Council of 500

A group of 500 Athenian citizens randomly elected for one year to propose laws in Athens

representitive democracy

government by representitives of the people

direct democracy

a form of democracy in which the people vote

Pax Romana

200 year period of peace in Rome


Bridge-like stone structures that carry water from the hills into Roman cities

Twelve Tables

Rome's first code of laws

Praetorian Guard

the elite bodyguard of a Roman Emperor


where gladiators fought to death as well as the persecution of Christians


elected officials of Rome's government


Roman officials who registered citizens according to their wealth


powerful landowners who controlled Roman government and society


Members of the lower class of Ancient Rome including farmers, merchants, artisans and traders


Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians, Bystantine-->Constantinople


A military unit of the ancient Roman army, made up of about 5,000 foot soldiers and a group of soldiers on horseback

Germans, Vandals, Huns, Ostrogoths, Visiogoths

barbarian tribes who attacked the Roman Empire which led to it's decline


king of the Visigoths who captured Rome in 410 (370-410)


Roman Emperor who divided the empire in two and oversaw the eastern part, slowed the decline of Roman Empire

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