if interstate or intrastate activity affects interstate commerce, congress can criminalize it
simultaneous jurisdiction where both federal and state govt can prosecute for the same crime
equal treatment under the law
power is shared between one national govt and many states
taking of property that can be linked to criminal activity
full faith and credit
state laws are recognized in other states
makes it legal for congress to give its power to the executive branch, subject to limitations
supreme court checks to see if the laws made by congress and the acts of the president follow the constitution
congress cannot delegate its power to another governmental branch
relationship between govt reason for enacting laws and intrusion on individual liberty
procedural due process
gives citizens advanced warning that the govt intends to disrupt life in some way
separation of powers
power is split between 3 branches of govt
substantive due process
protects from govt interference on fundamental rights and liberties
state law is subordinate to federal law
necessary and proper
Congress can make laws for an area where there is no specific grant of authority
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