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13 terms

Biology Chapter 18 Vocab

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taxonomy
scientists classify organisms and assign each organism a universally excepted name
binomial nomenclature
a two part scientific name given to a species
genus
a group of closely related species
family
a group of genera that share many characteristics
order
group of similar families
class
group of similar orders
phylum
group of similar classes
kingdom
large taxonomic group, consisting of closely related phyla
phylogeny
the study of evolutionary relationships among organisms
evolutionary classification
method of grouping organisms together according to their evolutionary history
derived character
characteristic that appears in recent parts of lineage, but not in older members
cladogram
diagram that shows the evolutionary relationships among a group of organisms
domain
the most inclusive taxonomic category