ch 12 language of medicine ninth edition
Terms in this set (71)
listening to sounds within the body
tapping on a surface to determine the difference is the density of underlying structure.
scratchy sound produced by the motion of inflamed or irritated pleural surfaces rubbing against each other; also called friction rub
fine crackling sound heard on auscultation when there is fluid in the alveoli
loud rumbling sound heard on auscultation of bronchi obstructed by sputum
material expelled from the chest by coughing or clearing the throat
strained, high-pitched, relatively loud sound made on inspiration; associated with obstruction of the larynx or trachea
continuous high-pitched whistling sound heard when air is forced through a narrow space during inspiration or expiration
acute viral infection in infants and children; characterized by obstruction of the larynx, barking cough, and stridor
acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by the diphtheria bacterium
highly contagious bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea caused by Bordetella pertussis. Also known as whooping cough
chronic inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production
chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection in the lower lobes of the lung
inflammation of the bronchi persisting over a long time
inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick, mucous secretions that do not drain normally
incomplete expansion of alveoli; collapsed, functionless, airless lung or portion of a lung. Caused by tumor or other obstruction of the bronchus, or poor respiratory effort
hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
malignant tumor arising from the lungs and bronchi
abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation, infection, and bronchitis
acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reation
a large collection of pus (bacterial infection) in the lungs
swelling and fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
clot (thrombus) or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs
chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause in which small nodules or tubercles develop in lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs
An infectious disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis which affects the lungs but any organ in the body can be affected.
rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura; associated with asbestos exposure.
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
inflammation of the pleura (pleuritis)
collection of air in the pleural space
coal dust accumulation in the lungs
asbestos particles accumulate in the lungs
rod-shaped bacteria (cause of tuberculosis)
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
chronic condition of persistent obstruction of air flow through bronchial tubes and lungs.
failure of the right side of the heart to pump a sufficient amount of blood to the lungs because of underlying lung disease
fluid, cells, or other substances (pus) that slowly leave cells or capillaries through pores or small breaks in cell membranes
collection of fluid in the pleural cavity
relieving symptoms, but not curing the disease
pertaining to a sudden occurrence, such as a spasm or seizure
occurrence of necrotic (dead) tissue in the lung
disease due to silica or glass dust in the lungs; occurs in mining occupation.
lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx; pharyngeal tonsils
air sac in the lung
apex of the lung
tip or uppermost portion of the lung. An apex is the tip of a structure.
base of the lung
Lower portion of the lung
smallest branches of the bronchi.
branch of the trachea (windpipe) that is a passageway into the lung.
gas produced by body cells when oxygen and food combine; exhaled through the lungs.
thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane lining the respiratory tract
muscle separating the chest and abdomen
a lid like piece of cartilage that covers the larnyx.
breathing out; exhalation
middle region where bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs
breathing in (inhalation)
voicebox; contains the vocal cords
region between the lungs in the chest cavity
openings through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavities
gas that passes into the bloodstream at the lungs and travels to all the body cells.
one pair of almond-shaped masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx.
one of the air cavities in the bones near the nose.
outer fold of pleura lying closer to the ribs and chest wall
double-folded membrane surrounding each lung
space between the folds of the pleura
essential parts of the lung, responsible for respiration; bronchioles and alveoli
process of moving air into and out of the lungs; breathing
inner fold of pleura lying closer to the lung tissue
division of a lung