31 terms

HumGeo Chapter 4

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Terms in this set (...)

culture
the body of material traits, customary beliefs, and social forms that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people
popular culture
found in large, heterogeneous societies that share certain customs despite differences in other personal characteristics
folk culture
traditionally practiced by primarily small, homogeneous groups living in relative isolation from other groups
habit
a repetitive act that a particular individual performs
custom
a repetitive act of a group, performed to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group
daily necessities
food, clothing, and shelter
leisure activites
arts and recreation
popular culture origin
typically traceable to a specific person or corporation in a particular place
popular culture diffusion
typically spreads through hierarchical diffusion, diffusing rapidly and extensively from hearths or nodes of innovation with help of technology
popular culture distribution
distributed widely across many countries, with little regard for physical features
folk culture origin
often has anonymous hearths, originating from anonymous sources, at unknown dates, through unidentified originators
folk culture diffusion
transmitted from one location to another relatively slowly and on a small scale, primarily through relocation diffusion
folk culture distribution
distinctive distribution influenced by a combination of local physical and cultural factors
folk music
originate anonymously, transmitted orally, diffused through migration
folk songs
tell a story, convey information about a life-cycle event, modified from one generation to another as conditions change, don't sound lyrical
popular music
written by specific individuals for the purpose of being sold or performed in front of a large group of people, displays a high degree of technical skill
popular music musicians
have more connections with performers of similar styles liing in a different area than they do with performers of different styles living in the same area
popular musician clusters
clustered in particular communities based on shared interests in specific styles, less tied to the culture of particular places and instead increasingly cluster in communities where other creative artists reside, regardless of the particular style
soccer's folk culture origin
originated as a folk custom in England during the eleventh century, obscure origin
soccer's pop culture origin
transformed into pop custom in the nineteenth century, originated in United Kingdom
Olympic sport qualifications
must be widely practiced in at least 75 countries and on 4 continents
folk clothing preferences
in response to distinctive agricultural practices and climatic conditions
popular clothing preferences
generally reflect occupations rather than environments
terroir
sum of the effects on a particular food item of soil, climate, and other features of the local environment
taboo
a restriction on behavior imposed by a social custom
folk food preferences
influenced by what is available in particular enviornments
popular food preferences
influenced more by cultural values than by environmental factors
folk housing
develop through centuries of relative isolation from customs practiced by other cultural groups, vary because of minor differences in environmental features
popular housing
show the influence of shape, detailing, materials, and other feature of architectural style in vogue at any one point in time
electronic media
increases access to popular culture for people who embrace folk culture and at the same time increase access to folk culture for people who are part of the world's popular culture scene
social media
originated in the United States and diffuse to the rest of the world at an increasingly rapid rate