AP US History Chapter 14
Terms in this set (36)
He was a British mechanic that moved to America and in 1791 invented the first American machine for spinning cotton. He is known as "the Father of the Factory System" and he started the idea of child labor in America's factories.
United States inventor and manufacturer of a mechanical harvester (1809-1884)
United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)
german immigrant later became a general in Union Army, senator from Missouri, secretary in administration of Rutherford B Hayes
American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat and the first steam warship (1765-1815)
Samuel F. B. Morse
inventor of the telegraph
United States politician who as governor of New York supported the project to build the Erie Canal (1769-1828)
was a noted educator, renowned for her forthright opinions on women's education as well as her vehement support of the many benefits of the incorporation of a kindergarten into children's education.
a painter who was among the first to advocate the preservation of nature as a national policy
the transformation from an agricultural to an industrial nation
the liability of a firm's owners for no more than the capital they have invested in the firm
rapid growth in the speed and convenience of transportation; in the United States this began in the early 1800s
the policy of perpetuating native cultures (in opposition to acculturation)
cult of domesticity
idealized view of women & home; women, self-less caregiver for children, refuge for husbands
an aggressive and often heedless explotiation of the west. settlers often killed species to the point of extinction, and they farmed the lands dry. it was a hard land to live on, and ecological imperialism was sometimes the only way to survive and make a profit.
a method of production that brought many workers and machines together into one building
The basis for the American fur-trapping industry, many traders ventured to the Rocky Mountains each summer to trade with fur-trappers and Indians for pelts in exchange for manufactured goods.
a settler granted a homestead by the United States government
A term used by American historians to describe how women's authority was, beginning the mid-19th century, situated within the "separate sphere" of the home. This emerging discourse allowed (primarily) northern, middle class, white women to connect new ideas about gender roles within the family to their growing participation in abolitionism.
Stirkebreakers hired by employers as replacement workers when unions went on strike
identical components that can be used in place of one another in manufactoring
The belief that all individuals, or nearly all individuals, can succeed on their own and that government help for people should be minimal. Popularly said by Hertbert Hoover.
machine that produced a more efficient way to get the seeds out of cotton, and expanded southern development
Fulton's steamboat in 1807 which powered on/by a newly designed engine. It took the Clermont 32 hours to go 150 miles from New York to Albany.
15 Boston families that dominated textile, railroad, insurance, and banking industries
Second quarter of 1800s. Long, narrow, wooden ships with tall masts and enormous sails. Unequalled in speed and were used for trade, especially for transporting perishable products from distant countries like China and between the eastern and western United States.
Ancient Order of Hibernians
Semisecret Irish organization that became a benevolent society aiding Irish immigrants in American.
secret Irish-American organization accused of crimes including kidnapping; used violence and terrorism to fight wrongs against Irish workers (bad conditions in mines, etc)
General Incorporation Law
allows corporations to be formed without a charter from the legislature. It also refers to a law enabling a certain type of corporation, such as a railroad, to exercise eminent domain and other special rights without a charter from the legislature.
express mail carried by relays of riders on horseback
a political organization within the Democratic Party in New York city (late 1800's and early 1900's) seeking political control by corruption and bossism
Order of the Star Spangled Banner
The noisier American "Nativists" rallied for political action. In 1849 they formed this, which soon developed into the formidable American, or "Know-Nothing," party—a name derived from its secretiveness.
a textile machine used as a home appliance for sewing
Know nothing party
Group of prejudice people who formed a political party during the time when the KKK grew. Anti-Catholics and anti-foreign. They were also known as the American Party.
valuable meadow and pasture grass in Europe and especially central United States having tall stalks and slender bright green leaves
twisting the lion's tail
the slang term for a politician in America in the mid-1800s making negative remarks about the British to his Irish audiences.
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