19 terms

Ch. 12 Vocab. Identif.

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Taharqa
king who was determined to turn the old mudbrick into a monument; commanded Nile Valley from Nubia to Mediterranean
Bantu
West African people's root language
Piankhi
Nubian king who conquered Egypt
Meroe
new Nubian capital commanded both the North & South Nile route and East and West route from Red Sea into Savanna and North Africa; rich in iron ore
St. Augustine
most influential Christian thinker of late Roman empire; bishop of Hippo
Almoravids
pious muslims of North Africa, launched a campaign to spread their form of Islam
Sundiata
Sumanguru's brother, who appeared sickly, but survived and recruited an army. defeated his brother; found of Mali; great hero
Sonni Ali
soldier-king used his powerful army to forge the largest state that had ever existed in West Africa; brought trade routes and wealthy cities to his control
Askia Muhammad
emperor set up a muslim dynasty; expanded territory of Songhai and improved government; set up bureaucracy with departments for farming, army, and treasury.
Amina
ruler of city state of Zaria; conquered Kano and expanded the boundary of Zaria as far as the Niger River; hausa came to dominate many Saharan trade routes
Queen of Sheeba
1st empress and she spent 6 months at Solomon's court, gathering knowledge to bring back to her people
Ezana
king that conquered and absorbed the ancient Nile kingdom of Nubia
Geez
unique written and spoken language [links btw king Ezana]
Lalibela
king who under him Christian monks built a number of remarkable churches
Falasha
ethiopian jews who survived in the mountains of ethiopia
Swahili
language that fused many arabic words onto a bantu base and was written in arabic script
Great Zimbabwe
great stone buildings, it's where massive stone ruins are
Khoisan People
adapted to the harsh conditions of the Kalahari desert by gathering roots and hunting small game
Kongo
kingdom that illistrates one form of government organization in Africa consists of many villages, districts, and provinces