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Terms in this set (32)
What is sociology of physical activity ?
A set of intellectual tools that one may develop in order to look at human physical activity as more than physical.
What does sociology of physical activity focus on ?
The shared beliefs and social practices that constitute specific forms of physical activity.
what is the definition of socialization?
The process of of learning about your own society and how to get along in it.
What is one of the main goals of sociology of physical activity in kinesiology?
1) Look at physical activity with a penetrating gaze that goes beyond our common understanding of social life.
What is the second goal of sociology of physical activity in kinesiology?
2) Identify and analyze patterns of change and stability in physical activity.
What is the third goal of sociology of physical activity in kinesiology?
3) To critique physical activity programs in order to identify problems and recommend changes to enhance quality and human well being.
What do sociologist of physical activity do?
They are faculty members in colleges or universities whose teaching, research, and service advance a scholarly and practical understanding of the complex social and cultural contexts in which societal members experience physical activity.
Research methods for sociology of physical activity
They gather both quantitative data and qualitative data.
What are the six research method for sociology of physical activity?
Survey research, interviewing, thematic analysis, ethnography, societal analysis, and historical analysis.
Using questionnaires that are completed directly by respondents or filled out by a researcher during brief, highly structured interviews.
What are questionnaires used for?
To collect data from a large sample of people.
Researcher use this when they need broader and deeper information than they can get through a questionnaire or when they want information about activities that would be difficult or impossible to observe themselves.
Valuable when researchers want to gain insights into people's shared understandings and to see how individuals are influenced by others in a group situation.
Thematic Analysis:(content analysis or textual analysis)
Used to investigate cultural material such as magazine and newspaper articles, photos, the verbal and visual content of television programs, interview data, sporting events, and sport celebrities.
What does Thematic analysis involve?
Examining the material and then categorizing the content in various ways.
Quantitative data examples:
things you can count or measure in standardized and often mathematical fashion.
Qualitative data examples:
Texts and direct observations of social life that are measured in a deeply contextualized manner.
What can Thematic analysis find?
Identifying themes helps researchers organize a large mass of data into a manageable number of categories that can be analyzed further in relation to theories of interest.
Researchers use ethnography spend many months or even years observing in a particular social settings.
What do ethnography research consist of?
"Hanging around" while ordinary day to day events take place, often taking part themselves, talking to people about what's happening, and keeping careful field notes so that they can remember details.
What is the main source of information for ethnography?
Observation is the primary source of information, they may also look at local documents or use interviews and questionnaires.
The researchers goal is to examine the sweep of social life, usually from the perspective of a broad social theory.
What do societal analysis try to explain?
They attempt to explain the most fundamental ways in which societies operate.
Historical analyses often are part of a larger study involving theoretical explorations of the kind just noted.
What is power for sociologists?
Power is the ability to do what you want without being stopped by others.
What are major sources of power?
Money, prestige, body size and strength, and information are major sources of power, hence major sources of inequalities.
What are the three areas within the system of power?
participation, leadership, and cultural expressions.
What is gender?
A set of norms or expectations about how we should behave, and these are linked to societal understandings of sexuality and procreation.
What does ethnicity refer to?
What is one of the reasons for leadership inequalities?
Racist stereotypes featuring erroneous connections of inferior intellectual capabilities of African American are probably operating to keep them from attaining athletic leadership roles in which thinking and working well under pressure are viewed as crucial.
What is the second reason for leadership inequalities?
white athletic administrators in charge of hiring people for entry level coaching or management positions are likely to learn about candidates from their professional friends.
What are the ingredients to social economic status?
Wealth, education, and occupational prestige
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