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38 terms

Unit 1 World Geography and Cultures Midterm

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Renewable Resource
A supply or stock that can be reused or resupplied
Embargo
A ban on trade
Ethnic Group
Group of people who share common ancestry, language, religion, customs, or a combination of such characteristics.
population
The number of people living in a certain area.
Subsistence farming
Producing just enough food for a family or a village to survive
communism
society based on equality in which workers control industrial production
command economy
system of resource management in which decisions about production and distribution of goods and services are made by a central authority
developing country
a country in the process of becoming industrialized
Urbanization
the movement of people from rural area's into cities
Culture hearth
a center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward
federal system
a form of government in which powers are divided between national government and the state or provincial government
tariff
A tax on import or export
free trade
the removal of trade barriers so that goods can flow freely between countries
migration
the movement of people from place to place
culture
way of life of a group of people who share beliefs and similar customs
oligarchy
system of government in which a small group holds power
natural increase
the growth rate of a population; the difference between birth rate and death rate
birthrate
the number of births per year for every 1,000 people
death rate
the number of deaths per year per 1,000 people
doubling time
the number of years it takes a population to double in time
population distribution
the pattern of population in a country, a country, or the world
cultural diffusion
the spread of new knowledge and skills from one culture to another
EU
European Union
NAFTA
North american free trade agreement
GATT
General agreement of tariffs and trade
ASEAN
the association of southeast asian markets
information revolution
Use of new technologies such as the telephone, radio, television, computers, the Internet, automated databases, and remote sensing satellites to enable people to have increasingly rapid access to much more information on a global scale.
Industrial Revolution
the transformation from an agricultural nation to an industrial nation
Agricultural Revolution
The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering
absolute monarch
ruler with complete control over the government and the lives of the people.
Republic
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
nonrenewable resource
a resource that cannot be replaced
social class
a group of people with similar backgrounds, incomes, and ways of living
Autocracy
government by one person having unlimited power
Democracy
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Monarchy
state ruled over by a single person, as a king or queen
Oligarchy
form of government in which a few people have the power
Unitary system
a government that gives all key powers to the national or central government