33 terms

OZWH Industrial Revolution

2.5= 16 matching definition (may get 2 wrong) 3 = 18 written definition (may get 2 wrong) 3.5 20 written both (may get 2 wrong)
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factors of production
land, labor, and capital; the three groups of resources that are used to make all goods and services
Assembly Line
manufacturing process in which each worker does one specialized task in the construction of the final product (Mastered by Henry Ford)
domestic economy
the manufacture of products in the home
horizontal integration
system of consolidating (combining) many firms in the same business to maximize profit
vertical integration
practice in which a single manufacturer controls all of the steps used to change raw materials into finished products
Power Loom
invented by Edward Cartwright , it sped up the production of textiles
Enclosure Movement
The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.
Nobel
Swedish chemist remembered for his invention of dynamite and for the creation of an internatinonal peace or scientific award
Industrialization
Changing of an economy to rely more on manufacturing and less on farming
Urbanization
Movement of people from rural areas to cities
Ideal woman
The stereotype that emerged from the Industrial Revolution about how women should behave, what they should or should not do, and how they should dress.
spinning jenny
An early textile machine by James Hargreavs in 1765 to mass produce thread
Textile
first industry to use machines for manufacturing (cloth making
Breaker boy
young mine worker whose job was to separate coal from slate rock
Hurrier
A title for a job in the mines, which perfectly suited younger, smaller children, who would fit into tiny spaces and push or pull carts full of minerals
Trust
a combination of firms or corporations formed by a legal or informal agreement, especially to reduce competition or maximize profit by price fixing
National Market
the nationwide economic system made possible by improvements in the transportation and communication network
Monotonous
Tediously repetitious or lacking in variety
Luddites
Any of a group of British workers who between 1811 and 1816 rioted and destroyed laborsaving textile machinery in the belief that such machinery would diminish employment.
Factory System
a method of production that brought many workers and machines together into one building
Agricultural Revolution
The transformation of farming that led to a SURPLUS of food that could support larger towns and cities
Natural Resources
the inputs into the production of goods and services that are provided by nature, such as land, rivers, and mineral deposits
Crop rotation
The system of growing a different crop in a field each year to preserve the fertility of the land.
Selective breeding
the practice of breeding animals or plants that have certain desired traits
Interchangeable Parts
Created by Eli Whitney, in the 1860's, this allowed mechanical items to be fixed rather than replaced.
Steam Engine
This would be the power source of the Industrial Revolution.
Puddling furnace
This invention allowed impurities to be removed from iron ore and production to speed up 15x.
"Workshop of the World"
What great Britain called itself during the industrial revolution
Flying Shuttle
Invented by John Kay, this sped up the weaving process in 1733.
Union
an organization of workers that have banded together to achieve common goals such as better working conditions.
Bessemer
English engineer's last name and process of converting iron ore to steel
"Father of the Factory System"
Name given to Samuel Slater; escaped Britain with the memorized plans for the textile machinery; put into operation the first spinning cotton thread in 1791 in America.
Corset
A woman's close-fitting foundation garment that was often used to help create the "ideal" female shape.