2.5= 16 matching definition (may get 2 wrong) 3 = 18 written definition (may get 2 wrong) 3.5 20 written both (may get 2 wrong)

factors of production

land, labor, and capital; the three groups of resources that are used to make all goods and services

Assembly Line

manufacturing process in which each worker does one specialized task in the construction of the final product (Mastered by Henry Ford)

domestic economy

the manufacture of products in the home

horizontal integration

system of consolidating (combining) many firms in the same business to maximize profit

vertical integration

practice in which a single manufacturer controls all of the steps used to change raw materials into finished products

Power Loom

invented by Edward Cartwright , it sped up the production of textiles

Enclosure Movement

The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.

Nobel

Swedish chemist remembered for his invention of dynamite and for the creation of an internatinonal peace or scientific award

Industrialization

Changing of an economy to rely more on manufacturing and less on farming

Urbanization

Movement of people from rural areas to cities

Ideal woman

The stereotype that emerged from the Industrial Revolution about how women should behave, what they should or should not do, and how they should dress.

spinning jenny

An early textile machine by James Hargreavs in 1765 to mass produce thread

Textile

first industry to use machines for manufacturing (cloth making

Breaker boy

young mine worker whose job was to separate coal from slate rock

Hurrier

A title for a job in the mines, which perfectly suited younger, smaller children, who would fit into tiny spaces and push or pull carts full of minerals

Trust

a combination of firms or corporations formed by a legal or informal agreement, especially to reduce competition or maximize profit by price fixing

National Market

the nationwide economic system made possible by improvements in the transportation and communication network

Monotonous

Tediously repetitious or lacking in variety

Luddites

Any of a group of British workers who between 1811 and 1816 rioted and destroyed laborsaving textile machinery in the belief that such machinery would diminish employment.

Factory System

a method of production that brought many workers and machines together into one building

Agricultural Revolution

The transformation of farming that led to a SURPLUS of food that could support larger towns and cities

Natural Resources

the inputs into the production of goods and services that are provided by nature, such as land, rivers, and mineral deposits

Crop rotation

The system of growing a different crop in a field each year to preserve the fertility of the land.

Selective breeding

the practice of breeding animals or plants that have certain desired traits

Interchangeable Parts

Created by Eli Whitney, in the 1860's, this allowed mechanical items to be fixed rather than replaced.

Steam Engine

This would be the power source of the Industrial Revolution.

Puddling furnace

This invention allowed impurities to be removed from iron ore and production to speed up 15x.

"Workshop of the World"

What great Britain called itself during the industrial revolution

Flying Shuttle

Invented by John Kay, this sped up the weaving process in 1733.

Union

an organization of workers that have banded together to achieve common goals such as better working conditions.

Bessemer

English engineer's last name and process of converting iron ore to steel

"Father of the Factory System"

Name given to Samuel Slater; escaped Britain with the memorized plans for the textile machinery; put into operation the first spinning cotton thread in 1791 in America.

Corset

A woman's close-fitting foundation garment that was often used to help create the "ideal" female shape.

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