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19 terms

Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 21

i'm going in reverse order with these... well kinda... I mean I'm doing chapter 21, then 22, then prob going backwards from there... =]
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chitin
complex carbohydrate that makes up the cell walls of fungi
fruiting body
slender reproductive structure that produces spores and is found in some funguslike protists
hypha
tiny filament that makes up a multicellular funfus or a water mold
mycelium
many hyphae tangled together into a thick mass; compromises the body of multicellular fungi
sporangiophore
specialized hyphae where sporangia are found
sporangium
structure in ferns and some fungi that contains spores
ascus
structure within the fruiting body of an ascomycete in which two nuclei of different mating types fuse
ascopore
haploid spore produced within the ascus of ascomycetes
basidiospore
spore in basidiomycetes that germinates to produce haploid primary mycelia
basidium
spore-bearing structure of a basidiomycete
budding
asexual process by which yeasts increase in number
conidium
tiny fungal spore that forms at the tips of specialized hyphae in ascomycetes
gametangium
gamete-producing structure found in black bread mold
rhizoid
in fungi, a rootlikw hypha that penetrates the surface of an object
stolon
in fungi, a stemlike hypha that runs along the surface of an object
zygospore
resting spore that contains zygotes formed during the sexual phase of a mold's life cycle
lichen
symbiotic association between a fungus and a photosynthetic organism
mycorrhiza
symbiotic association of plant roots and fungi
saprobe
organism that obtains food from decaying organic matter