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Organelles and Their Descriptions
Cells Life Science CVHS
Terms in this set (24)
Controls what comes into and out of a cell; found in ALL cells
Ridged outer layer of some cells: Plants, Fungi, Prokaryotes, Some Protists
Gel-like fluid between the nuclear membrane and the cell membrane; chemical rxns happen here; found in ALL cells
Uses food the organism consumes to produce the energy a cell needs to carry out its functions
Uses enzymes to break down food and worn out cell parts
Stores food, water, wastes and other materials in plant cells
Receives proteins & materials from the ER, packages them into vesicles, & distributes them
Captures energy from the sunlight and uses it to produce food in plant cells
Has passageways that assembles proteins, lipid components and other materials. form one part of the cell to another
Uses genetic instructions to polymerize amino acids to create proteins
Contains DNA in the form of chromosomes. DNA is genetic information for the production of proteins
Found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
4 parts found in all cells
Cell membrane, DNA, Cytoplasm, Ribosomes
Basic unit of life. ALL cells contain a cell membrane, DNA, cytoplasm, and ribosomes
1.All living things are composed of cells.
2. Cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things.
3. New cells are produced from existing cells
Cells that contain a nucleus
Complex cells found in animals, plants, fungi, and protists
Cells that do not contain a nucleus; common name: bacteria
Layer of two membranes that surrounds the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell
Specialized structure that performs important cellular functions within a eukaryotic cell
Contain the genetic information (DNA) that is passed from one generation of cells to the next.
Gives eukaryotic cells there shape and involved in movement. A network of protein filaments made up of microfilaments and microtubules.
In animal cells located near the nucleus and help to organize cell division.
Ribosomes are on the surface and involved in protein synthesis
Contains enzymes for the synthesis lipids and detoxication of drugs
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