A type of word class. Adjective refers to words that describe a noun.
Another word class. Adverbs describe the verbs and usually end in "ly".
Repetition of a series of consonant or vowel at the beginning of words.
Where a word's meaning lessens over time.
Using the proper noun first, and then switching to pronouns.
Repetition of the vowel sound in a series of words.
Helps to establish when the action took place e.g. The cat was sitting beside the bowl'. 'Was' tells us its in the past.
Where a word is shortened by removing the latter part of the word e.g. 'photo' from 'photography'.
Where a word gains wider meanings over time. 'Butcher' once meant a seller of goats and has now been broadened to a seller of meat.
Using a series of pronouns before introducing the proper noun.
A main clause is a complete sentence, containing object, verb and subject, for example, 'It was cold'. A subordinate is dependant on the main clause e.g. 'because it was late' - to understand this you need 'he missed the bus because he was late'.
Computer Mediated Communication
Email, text, websites.
Words that habitually go together e.g. 'fish and chips'.
The language of speech.
Tells us something about the subject e.g. 'the man was busy'.
From 'con' which means 'with' - these are the psychological associations that come with words.
Repetition of the consonant sound in a series of words.
Using different, regional lexis.
The type of sentence function that states something/describes something.
Words or expressions that require context for understanding e.g. it, that, them.
The dictionary definition of a word.
Words that come before a noun to determine it e.g. 'the hat' 'her feather' 'your drink'. 'a/an' are indefinite articles, while 'the' is definite article.
The structure of the text, including beginning, middle, end, any ordering.
Iconic representation of emotions.
Language (often hyperbole) used to evoke emotions within the reader.
A word or phrase used to soften a harsh reality e.g. 'passed away' is a euphemism of 'death'.
Starting again to correct yourself.
Similar to voiced pause but actually adding a word e.g. 'kinda' 'like' 'and stuff'.
First person - writing in a subjective style using the personal pronouns e.g. 'I'. Second person - writing in a style to directly address the reader e.g. 'you'. Third person - writing in an objective style using the pronouns 'he' 'she' 'it'.
Where a word moves from one word class to another. 'Google' was once a noun but has become a verb 'to Google'.
From 'graph' which means 'image' and 'ology' which means 'study of', graphology is literally the study of images. It is the visual aspects of text such as layout, font sizes, image choices, etc.
The category that a text falls into. Wide examples are letter, newspaper article, novel excerpt.
A word with the same spelling but a different meaning and sound such as 'lead' (verb) and 'lead' (noun).
Words that sound the same but have different spellings depending on their meanings e.g. their, they're, there.
A cross between written and spoken language.
An 'umbrella' noun that encompasses many other nouns such as 'animal' encompasses 'cat' 'dog' 'goat'.
The words within the Hypernym with a narrower meaning that the 'umbrella' noun. Nouns like 'cat' 'dog' and 'goat' are hyponyms of 'animal'.
Individual language. Accent, pitch, favourite phrases all make up someone's personal language style.
The type of sentence function that commands.
The type of sentence function that is a question.
l8 - later, b - be, 2 - to.
Individual word choice.
Literally means 'in the middle of us' Reality - the media - us.
A comparison where on thing is said to be another which isn't literally true. 'It was raining cats and dogs'.
A word or phrase used to stand for a person, group or place e.g. 'Number 10' can represent the Prime Minister.
Changing the spelling of words.
When a word's meaning is narrowed over time. 'Meat' once meant food in general but now means a specific type.
A new word. Besides completely new words like 'email' there are four types: 1 - Recast: giving an existing word a new meaning e.g. cookies for computers are quite different to the edible ones. 2 - Compound: Joining two existing words together to form a new one