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24 terms

geo ch 1-4

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"Greenwich Mean Time" is also know as
Universal Time Coordinated
How many degrees latitude are there between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
47
The Greenwich Meridian is also known as the
Prime Meridian
The world is divided into _______ standard zones
24
Which is known as the great circle
The equator
The maximum distance between Earth and Sun occurs in July and is called the
aphelion
The altitudinal difference (relief) between the top of the tallest mountain and the bottom of the deepest ocean trench is CLOSEST to ________ kilometers.
20
The Earth/Sun aphelion occurs once per year during the month of
July
The most important physical effect of the Earth's rotation is
the alternation of sunlight and darkness
The solid, inorganic portion of the Earth system is known as the
lithosphere
The Earth is one of ________ planets in the solar system
8
The most famous and, undoubtedly, most widely used of all the map projections is the ________ projection
Mercator
largest scales=
1:smaller number
The relationship between the map distance and the corresponding distance on the ground is known as the
scale
The "false color" imagery of some aerial photographs is also termed
Color IR
The main component of the lower atmosphere by total volume is
nitrogen
A major characteristic of the troposphere is the
decrease of temperature with increasing altitude
The third most plentiful gas in the Earth's lower atmosphere is
argon
Oxygen (O2) is being added to the atmosphere by
vegetation
The ________ is the layer of the atmosphere where electrified atoms are plentiful.
ionosphere
The main impact of ozone on life on the Earth's surface is to
reduce ultraviolet solar radiation
It is thought that the Earth's climate is being changed rapidly by
human-caused releases of impurities
"Weather" and "climate"
refer to the atmosphere as studied on different time scales.
The order of the atmospheric thermal layers from the surface up into the atmosphere is
troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere.