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process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene or genes from another strain of bacteria
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and thymine and between guanine and cytosine
granular material visible within the nucleus; consists of DNA tightly coiled around proteins
enzyme involved in DNA replication that joins individual nucleotides to produce a DNA molecule
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA to the rest of the cell
process in which part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA is copied into a complementary sequence in RNA
enzyme similar to DNA polymerase that binds to DNA and separates the DNA strands during transcription
one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal cells near the nuclear envelope
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves if allowed to self-pollinate
process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of their chromatids during meiosis
process in which extensions of cytoplasm surround and engulf large particles and take them into the cell
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