FEMA LESSON ONE REVIEW
Terms in this set (44)
Analysis of previous incident responses found that failures were most likely due to a lack of resources.
ICS could be used to manage a large sporting event or a visit from a foreign dignitary.
ICS is a standardized, all-hazards incident management approach that is used throughout the lifecycle of an incident.
ICS best practices are more applicable to local responders than to those at the Federal level.
Scenario: An unexpected flash flood has struck a small community. Homes, schools, and the business district have been evacuated. Critical infrastructure has been damaged including contamination of the water supply, downed power lines, and damaged roads.
Establish the initial Incident Command.
Assess or size up the situation.
Take measures to ensure life safety.
Establish perimeter control and security in the business district.
Determine resource gaps.
Request mutual aid and assistance from surrounding communities, as needed.
Command is assumed by the individual who is the highest ranking person on the scene regardless of experience or training level.
Unity of Command means that every individual is accountable to only one designated supervisor, to whom they report at the scene of an incident.
Chain of command restricts personnel from communicating or sharing information outside their organizational units.
Every transfer of command briefing must be completed in writing.
At the simplest level, what elements must every Incident Action Plan have?
At the simplest level, every Incident Action Plan (IAP) must:
Specify the incident objectives.
State the activities to be completed.
Cover a specified timeframe, called an operational period.
Also, the plan answers the following questions:
What do we need to do?
Who is responsible for doing it?
What resources are needed?
How do we communicate?
Which organization might warrant a lower supervisory span of control (lower ratio of subordinates to each supervisor)?The Search and Rescue Task Force or Cost Unit within the Finance/Admin Section
The Search and Rescue Task Force
Incident Command Post
location from which the Incident Commander oversees all incident operations. There should only be one ICP for each incident, but it may change locations during the event. The ICP will be positioned outside of the present and potential hazard zone but close enough to the incident to maintain command.
temporary locations at an incident where personnel and equipment wait to be assigned
location from which primary logistics and administrative functions are coordinated and administered
location where resources may be kept to support incident operations if a Base is not accessible to all resources
location from which helicopter-centered air operations are conducted. Helibases are generally used on a more long-term basis and include such services as fueling and maintenance
more temporary locations at the incident, where helicopters can safely land and take off. Multiple Helispots may be used.
Prior to an incident, response partners should work together to ensure that communication equipment, procedures, and systems can operate together during a response.
Continuing severe weather is causing widespread damage. 9-1-1 operators are receiving conflicting reports about life-safety needs, including a possible structural collapse of an assisted living facility. describe the implications for incident management.
Without accurate information and intelligence, responders may find it difficult to:
Take measures to ensure the safety of responders.
Determine incident objectives.
Identify the resources needed.
Effective accountability during incident operations is essential. The following principles must be adhered to:
Check-In. All responders must report in to receive an assignment.
Incident Action Plan. Response operations must be coordinated as outlined in the Incident Action Plan.
Unity of Command. Each individual will be assigned to only one supervisor.
Span of Control. Supervisors must be able to adequately supervise and control their subordinates, as well as communicate with and manage all resources under their supervision.
Resource Tracking. Supervisors must record and report resource status changes as they occur.
A systematic deployment process improves safety and reduces chaos.
After being dispatched, your first task is
to check in and receive an assignment.
After check-in, you will locate your incident supervisor and obtain your initial briefing. The briefings you receive and give should include:
Current assessment of the situation and incident objectives.
Identification of your specific job responsibilities.
Description of ICS organizational structure and identification of coworkers.
Location of work area.
Identification of break areas, as appropriate.
Procedural instructions for obtaining needed resources.
Operational periods/work shifts.
Required safety procedures and personal protective equipment (PPE), as appropriate.
Remember, you should respond only when dispatched by an appropriate authority.
Rosa is an off-duty certified Emergency Medical Technician who lives near the scene of a major structural collapse that has occurred in a busy shopping center. The media are reporting that there are injured people wandering around the parking area who need immediate medical attention.
The correct action is for Rosa to wait until she is dispatched.
What are the 5 major management functions?
Finance & Administration
Sets the incident objectives, strategies, and priorities and has overall responsibility for the incident.
Conducts operations to reach the incident objectives. Establishes tactics and directs all operational resources.
Supports the incident action planning process by tracking resources, collecting/analyzing information, and maintaining documentation.
Arranges for resources and needed services to support achievement of the incident objectives.
Finance & Admin
Monitors costs related to the incident. Provides accounting, procurement, time recording, and cost analyses.
Incident Commander Responsibilities
Ensuring overall incident safety.
Providing information services to internal and external stakeholders, such as disaster survivors, agency executives, and senior officials.
Establishing and maintaining liaison with other agencies participating in the incident.
The Incident Commander may appoint one or more Deputies. Deputy Incident Commanders must be
as qualified as the IC
Public Information Officer
who serves as the conduit for information to internal and external stakeholders, including the media, stakeholders, and the public.
who monitors safety conditions and develops measures for ensuring the safety of all incident personnel.
who serves as the primary contact for other agencies assisting at an incident.
Using a Unified Command creates a single ICS incident command structure with a built-in process for an effective and responsible multijurisdictional or multiagency approach.
Unified Command Features
Collocated facilities (shared)
Single Planning Process & Incident Action Plan
Integrated General Staff
Coordinated process for resource ordering
Under a Unified Command, the most senior Incident Commander has seniority over the other Incident Commanders.
One of the advantages of having a Unified Command is that there will be one set of incident objectives.
If three agencies are responding to an incident and operating under a Unified Command, three Operations Section Chiefs will be assigned representing each of the agencies.
False- there is only one Operations Section Chief. The Operations Section Chief should be the most qualified and experienced person available.
Emergency Operations Center (EOC)
Location that supports the on-scene response by relieving the Incident Commander of the burden of external coordination and securing additional resources. At different levels of gov.
Joint Info Center (JIC)
May be established to coordinate all incident-related public information activities.
Serves as the central point of contact for all news media. When possible, public information officials from all participating agencies should co-locate at the JIC.
EOC staff members are directing field operational activities by establishing incident objectives and specifying how field activities should be conducted.
Inconsistent- role is to support IC
Agency policymakers are meeting at the EOC to monitor reports from the field and provide policy guidance to the onsite incident command organization.
A Joint Information Center with Public Information Officers from different agencies has been established to coordinate and disseminate information to the public and media concerning the incident.
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