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Religion: Truth & Reason 1 & 2 Questions - Study Guide
Terms in this set (17)
What is the difference between self-evident and factual truth?
-Self-Evident truths CAN NOT change, they are Universal. Don't need further proof.
-Factual truths CAN change & not Universal. They can be proved and are independent of people's opinions.
What are "First Principles" and why are they important?
- are basic and they don't need to be proved by anything else.
- are necessary to accept before you can prove or disprove anything.
-They are important because they are true for EVERYBODY.
What is the standard for true goodness?
God is the standard for true goodness because He is perfect and we should strive to be perfect.
Describe Common Understanding and why it is NOT 100% accurate.
-is what most people in most places, in most times in history agree on.
-It is not a 100% accurate because there could be disagreements about what is good or evil and there could be exceptions.
Describe reason and why it is NOT 100% accurate
-is the ability of the human mind to think about things logically. For example, it is the ability to predict consequences for certain actions.
-It is NOT 100% accurate because some truths go beyond reason and who's reason is correct?
What is the difference between healthy and unhealthy communities?
A ______ supports the individual and has a good relationship with God. An __________ community pushes down the individual and has a broken relationship with God.
Describe conscience and why it is NOT 100% accurate.
-is the ability of your reason to judge whether an action is good or evil.
-it is NOT 100% accurate because a person may act from Ignorance, deadened conscience, or ill-formed conscience.
What is the difference between invincible and vincible ignorance?
1st one is a person who DOES NOT know the truth & it is impossible for that person to know the truth. 2nd one is a person who CAN know the truth but chooses to ignore it.
Describe Divine Revelation and why it IS 100% accurate.
is God giving rules and truths. It is 100% accurate because anything that comes form God is always true. The Bible and scripture are always perfect.
How many principles are there?
What are the three reasons for these principles?
Protection, Undeniable, Universal. -we would have no legal protections against being mistreated, they are undeniable by people who are reasonable and responsible, and they are universal.
Why should we uphold and not give up on these principles?
because with-out them our happiness, dignity, freedom and rights would be threatened. The dignity of the human person would be in jeopardy.
How do we discover the best definitions?
they will be as complete, logical, and universally applicable as possible.
Explain and give an example for the Principle of Non-Contradiction. Why is it important?
-this principle says that something cannot both be and not be in the same respect at the same place and time. -An example of this is my dog Carly. She is definitely a dog, not a cat. Dogs and cats are different species and my pet Carly has the characteristics of a dog.
-This is important because this principle uses logic and we can apply it to our practical lives.
Explain and give an example for the Principle of Complete Explanation. Why is it important?
-says the best opinion is going to be the one that includes the most information or evidence.
-An example is the question of the Earth being flat vs. round.
-This is important because making sure you have all the data is crucial to making a logical decision. We cannot leave out information to fit our preference.
Explain and give an example for the Principle of Objective Evidence. Why is it important?
This principle says that for a claim to be reasonable, you must be able to provide evidence so it can be verified by others.
-an example of this is when I came to JSerra and the nurse wanted to make sure that I had gotten all my shots. My parents told her I had but she wanted evidence. So we had to get a record from my doctor proving that I had all my immunizations. This is important because it teaches us that we must look for quality evidence that can be verified by others in order to consider something to be true.
Errors of omission vs. commission
-When we come up with mistaken explanations of things, its is most often because we have left out important data.
-Not that we have put the data together incorrectly.
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