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PSY101 - Quizlet 02 - 2012 Spring

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130
Psychology is about ____ years old.
mental philosophy
Before psychology, the (non-scientific) study of the mind was called ____ ____.
scientific
The main thing that distinguishes psychology from mental philosophy is that psychology is ____.
scientific thought behavior
Psychology is the ____ study of ____ and ____.
understand predict control
The goals of psychology are to ____, ____, and ____ thought and behavior.
epistemology
The study of how we know what we think we know.
empiricism
The doctrine that knowledge is obtained through observation.
phrenology
A field of study based on the idea that one can infer the nature of a person's mind by measuring the contours and dimensions of that individual's skull.
hypothesis
In science, a possible explanation.
provisional truth
Something that is regarded as probably true, but that might later be found to be false.
pseudoscience
A field of study that resembles science, but that is not actually science (because it is missing one or more of the critical elements of science).
armchair philosophy
The practice of coming up with logically plausible explanations for how nature works, but never going out and testing those explanations through observation.
falsifiable
Having the potential to be shown to be false.
logic
Consider this argument: "Socrates is a man. All men are mortal. Therefore, Socrates is mortal." The conclusion, "Socrates is mortal," is an example of knowing something by way of ____.
contradict
One of the problems with knowing the world only by way of the stories that you've been told is that such stories may offer explanations that ____ one another.
knowing
Science is a special way of ____.
Karl Popper
The philosopher who insisted that a good scientific hypothesis should be falsifiable.
Science
____ is a way of knowing that combines the generation of possible explanations with logical analysis and empirical testing.
provisional
Existing for the present, possibly to be changed later.
provisional
A scientist tends to view facts as ____ in nature, because there is always the chance that a future test will prove such "facts" to be wrong.