NFMS 7th grade SW ASIA and Monotheistic Religions Summative Test aid
Terms in this set (48)
..., The greatest prophet and founder of Islam
..., A monotheistic religion that developed in Arabia in 7th century, means "submission to the will of Allah"
..., A person who speaks or interprets for God to other people
..., Holy book of Islam
..., Christianity Holy Book made up of the Old and new Testament
..., Belief in one God (mono means one)
..., A Muslim ruler
A Hebrew word meaning "law," referring to the first five books of the Old Testament.
The founder of Judaism
Jewish house of worship
The first sect (branch) of Christianity
A Muslim place of worship
A large or important Christian church
Jewish holy day: the holiest day of the Jewish year, on which Jews fast and ask for forgiveness for the sins of the past year.
A Muslim holy month, a time of fasting during daylight hours for the 28 days of the ninth lunar month.
40 day fasting period before Easter
Where is the Persian Gulf
borders Iran and Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Emirates
Where is the Mediterranean Sea
North of Libya,Algeria,and Egypt
Where is the Tigris River
Runs through Iraq and Turkey, feeding into the Persian Gulf
Where is the Euphrates
Through Iraq and Turkey and west of the Tigris
feeding into the Persian Gulf
Where is Iraq?
North of Saudi Arabia, containing portions of the Tigris and Euphrates River.
The Strait of Hormuz
at the mouth of the Persian Gulf is another strategic water way. through its waters travel huge tankers loaded with oil for industries and homes half a world away
Where is Iran?
between Iraq and Afghanistan on the Persian Gulf.
Where is the Gaza Strip?
On the Mediterranean coast, bordered by Israel and Egypt
Where are most cities located in SW AISA
Along major rivers
What are the biggest environmental issue for SW Asia
Oil and water
Technology to remove salt from ocean water to create fresh drinking water and irrigation.
The practice of using small pipes that slowly drip water just above ground to conserve water to use for crops
The conflict in Southwest Aisa over dams is the______
Countries sharing rivers that flow containing the water for drinking, crops, and trade.
Using Chemical fertilizers can_______ the water supply in lakes, rivers, and ponds.
(of groups of people) tending to travel and change settlements frequently
Why might other countries send war ships to the persian gulf to help the countries along it?
To Protect the Strait of Hormuz from a blokade, protecting the oil distribution around the world
What are the major ethnic groups in SW Asia
Arabs, Kurds, Persians, and Jews
Majority of the Muslims; believe succesor of Muhhamad can be an elected caliph.
The three Monotheistic Religions
Judaism (1), Christianity(2), Islam (3)
What happened to the Muslim community after the death of Mohammed causing?
The Sunni and Shia Muslims split up
A characteristic of a religion that defines they worship one God
The 5 Pillars of Faith
1. Declaration of Faith 2. Daily Prayer (5 times daily) 3. Alms for the Poor (Give charity to the poor) 4. Fast during Ramadan (to fast from sunrise to sunset in the holy month of Ramadan) 5. Hajj (to make pilgrimage to Mecca)
A pilgrimage to Mecca, performed as a duty by Muslims. Every Muslim must go at least one time in thier life time
"God's chosen (anointed) one" - the awaited king of the Jews; this term is derived from the Hebrew language
Which county is landlocked in SW Asia
Iran majority is Persian and _______
A group of Islamic sect (branch/group) that believes that its religious leader should be chosen based on heredity, descendent of Muhammad.
Large groups of people who share ancestral, language cultural, Clothes, food, or religious ties and a common identity
Examples: Arabs, Jew, Kurds,
What was so different about the jew religion for others in ancient worlds
They believed in one GOD
A Muslim religious leader who is a representative of God and Muhammad
A country that is bordered by other countries on all sides, and does not border a body of water.
What are the religious groups of South West Asia?
Jews, Christians, Shia Muslim, and Sunni Muslim.