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Africa vocab quiz #1

Gavin World History period 1
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Imperialism
policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially
Racism
the belief that one race is superior to others
Social Darwinism
the application of Charles Darwin's ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies- particularly as justification for imperialist expansion
Berlin Conference
a meeting at which representatives of European nations agreed upon rules for the European colonization of Africa
Boer
a Dutch colonist in South Africa
Boer War
a conflict in which the boers and the British fought for control of territory in South Africa
Paternalism
a policy of treating subject people as if they were children, providing for their needs, but not giving them any rights
Assimilation
a policy in which a nation forces or encourages a subject people to adopt its institutions and customs
Negritude Movement
a movement in which Africans celebrated their heritage of traditional African culture and values
Apartheid
South African policy of complete legal separation of the races, including the banning of all social contacts between blacks and whites
Colony
a country or territory governed internally by a foreign power
Protectorate
a country or territory with it's own internal government but under the control of an outside power
Sphere of Influence
an area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges
Economic Imperialism
an independent but less developed country controlled by private business interests rather than other governments
Afrikaner
white South Africans, descended from the Dutch colonists
Federal System
a system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and a number of individual states
Martial Law
a temporary rule by military authorities over a civilian population usually imposed in times of war or civil unrest
Dissident
an opponent of a government's policies or actions
Mau Mau
a secret society made up mostly of Kikuyu farmers determined to win back the lands seized by British settlers in Kenya
African National Congress
a political party, founded in 1912 as an African nationalist movement and banned there from 1960 to 1990 because of its active opposition to apartheid