81 terms

AP Vocabulary 4

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adamantine
firm or unyielding in opinion
admonish
scold, censor
amorphous
without shape or form
animal husbandry
practice of breeding and raising livestock
austere
severe or stern in disposition or appearance; deny oneself materialistically
bade
order or instruct
belies
contradicts
bellicose
argumentative; prone to fighting
benign
harmless
chaste
pure, virginal
chasten
to chastise, castigate, correct
curate (noun)
a clergyman
curates (verb
manage a museum
din
loud, raucous noise
dumb
mute; unable to speak
eminent
distinguished; well known
imminent
getting ready to happen
emulate
imitate or copy
entreat
beg
homage
respect, honor
impervious
not able to be penetrated
impious
irreverent
indefatigable
inability to tire; tireless
indict
to charge or accuse
inherent
integral; intrinsic
jocund
merry
languor
state of ease, rest, even listlessness
lentils
small legumes
lethargic
tired, listless
lore
passed down stories or tales
mien
presence; manner
naivete
innocence; inexperience
nascent
emerging; newly born or created
ordain
appoint to a clerical post
piety
righteousness; godliness
plight
predicament; quandary
pretense
deception; deceit
primeval
aboriginal; primordial; primal (first)
prodigy
genius, especially a gifted child
proffer
to suggest or propose
profundity
intellectual depth or insight
promulgate
to exclaim or proclaim
prowess
special skill
quarry
prey, victim; also a mining pit
raiment
fine or decorative clothing
reticent
shy; unwilling
scourge
bane; curse; whip; punishment
sire
to father; a father
supine
lying prone, flat, especially in humility
suppliant
to petition or beseech; one who begs for intercession
surplice
a loose-fitting white ecclesiastical vestment with wide sleeves
temper
toughen by heating and cooling
timorous
timid; fearful; apprehensive
tinged
slightly touched with
tumult
uproar; disturbance
vehement
extreme intensity of emotions or convictions
veracity
truthfulness
vocation
a calling; a job
whorl
swirl; ringlet; curlicue
fecund
fertile
pernicious
causing great injury
sardonic
grimly or scornfully mocking, bitterly sarcastic
insipid
lacking interest or significance
auspicious
favorable; fortunate
superfluous
serving no useful purpose
antithesis
a statement in which two opposing ideas are balanced
effete
marked by excessive self-indulgence and moral decay
caricature
a representation of a person that is exaggerated for comic effect
antihero
A protagonist who is markedly unheroic: morally weak, cowardly, dishonest, or any number of other unsavory qualities.
academic
As an adjective describing style, the word means dry and theoretical writing.
anachronism
something located at a time when it could not have existed or occurred
chiasmus
a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed ("Susan walked in, and out rushed Mary.")
bombast
pompous or pretentious talk or writing
aside
a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage
cacophany
Discordant, unpleasant noise
axiom
a universally recognized principle
maxim
a concise statement, often offering advice; an adage
aphorism
a short pithy instructive saying
anecdote
short story of an amusing or interesting event
vivant
lively
syllogism
a three-part deductive argument in which a conclusion is based on a major premise and a minor premise ("All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore, Socrates is mortal.")