12 terms

Period 3: Arabic Terms Quiz (Quiz #1)

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Terms in this set (...)

hajj
5th pillar of Islam, the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca that takes place in the last month of the year, and that all Muslims are expected to make at least once during their lifetime, if they are able
Quran
Book composed of divine revelations made to the Prophet Muhammad between ca. 610 and his death in 632; the sacred text of the religion of Islam.
Al-Andalus
A Muslim-ruled region in what is now Spain, established in the eighth century C.E.
Sufism
a mystical Muslim group that believed they could draw closer to God through prayer, fasting, and a simple life
Sunni
a member of the branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad; caliphs can be chosen from the community; largest branch of Islam
Shiite
A group of Islamic religion that believes that its religious leader should be chosen based on heredity.
dar al-Islam
an Arabic term that means the "house of Islam" and that refers to lands under Islamic rule
caliphate
Islamic empire ruled by those believed to be the successors to the Prophet Muhammad. (Two such empires are the Abbasid and Umayyad.)
umma
The term for all Muslims as a community.
ulama
Muslim religious scholars. From the ninth century onward, the primary interpreters of Islamic law and the social core of Muslim urban societies.
dhimmi
Literally "people of the book"; applied as inclusive term to Jews and Christians in Islamic territories; later extended to Zoroastrians and even Hindus & Buddhists
jizya
Tax that non-Muslims had to pay when living within a Muslim empire; used by the Umayyad Caliphate

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