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lack of gov, chaos


soc class in Marxism/Communism that profits from the Proletariat; the "haves" or owners of factories


all unelected gov workers


4 Broad Principles:
1. Free Enterprise: choose own work/profession
2. Private Ownership of the Means of Production: anything that makes or owns anything is owned by private individuals
3. Profit Motive: ppl should be free to enjoy rewards of labor
4. Competition: struggle b/w companies to sell goods/services; lower prices and better products


Marxist-Leninist Theory; gov controls everything
1. Econ View of History: struggle b/w haves and have nots, Bourgeoisie and Proletariats
2. Labor Theory of Value: cost and labor of product = selling value

Confederate Gov

central gov weak, local gov strong


rule by the ppl; free elections

Direct Democracy

sys of gov which all eligible voters make every decision


hated Communism, but was essentially the same; Hitler and Mussolini

Federal Gov

balance of authority b/w central and local gov; if conflict arises, central gov wins

Indirect Democracy

elect ppl to make decisions for the ppl

Laissez-Faire Capitalism

keep gov out of economy


gov in which ruler's power is hereditary (one ruler)


pol unit w/ defined territory, organized under gov and enforces/makes law


rule by a few

Parliamentary Leadership

Leader: Prime Minister; usually a Parliament

Presidential Leadership

executive and legislative branches separate


soc class in Marxism/Communism taken advantage of by the Bourgeoisie; workers and laborers


Democracy - power to citizens who vote for officials, they are responsible to them


Economic system advocates for gov ownership of means of production


free to make own decisions; 1 of 4 concepts of nation


total power to an individual or small, elite group

Unitary Gov

authority in the central gov with local gov weak (China, France)

Market Economy

econ sys where gov role is small

Command Economy

econ sys where gov role is large


Commonwealth of Independent States, replaced USSR in 1991


European Union, an economic confederacy with no central body


official currency of EU


plan, often written, which details rules and functions of gov

Prime Minister

leader of a Parliamentary Gov

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