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30 terms

American Government Unit 1 Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
Anarchy
lack of gov, chaos
Bourgeoisie
soc class in Marxism/Communism that profits from the Proletariat; the "haves" or owners of factories
Bureaucracy
all unelected gov workers
Capitalism
4 Broad Principles:
1. Free Enterprise: choose own work/profession
2. Private Ownership of the Means of Production: anything that makes or owns anything is owned by private individuals
3. Profit Motive: ppl should be free to enjoy rewards of labor
4. Competition: struggle b/w companies to sell goods/services; lower prices and better products
Communism
Marxist-Leninist Theory; gov controls everything
1. Econ View of History: struggle b/w haves and have nots, Bourgeoisie and Proletariats
2. Labor Theory of Value: cost and labor of product = selling value
Confederate Gov
central gov weak, local gov strong
Democracy
rule by the ppl; free elections
Direct Democracy
sys of gov which all eligible voters make every decision
Fascism
hated Communism, but was essentially the same; Hitler and Mussolini
Federal Gov
balance of authority b/w central and local gov; if conflict arises, central gov wins
Indirect Democracy
elect ppl to make decisions for the ppl
Laissez-Faire Capitalism
keep gov out of economy
Monarchy
gov in which ruler's power is hereditary (one ruler)
Nation-State
pol unit w/ defined territory, organized under gov and enforces/makes law
Oligarchy
rule by a few
Parliamentary Leadership
Leader: Prime Minister; usually a Parliament
Presidential Leadership
executive and legislative branches separate
Proletariat
soc class in Marxism/Communism taken advantage of by the Bourgeoisie; workers and laborers
Republic
Democracy - power to citizens who vote for officials, they are responsible to them
Socialism
Economic system advocates for gov ownership of means of production
Sovereignty
free to make own decisions; 1 of 4 concepts of nation
Totalitarianism
total power to an individual or small, elite group
Unitary Gov
authority in the central gov with local gov weak (China, France)
Market Economy
econ sys where gov role is small
Command Economy
econ sys where gov role is large
CIS
Commonwealth of Independent States, replaced USSR in 1991
EU
European Union, an economic confederacy with no central body
Euro
official currency of EU
Constitution
plan, often written, which details rules and functions of gov
Prime Minister
leader of a Parliamentary Gov