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77 terms

CH. 1 Intro to Computers and the Internet

COSC 1301 CMPTR CH. 1
STUDY
PLAY
Business Ethics
Standard of moral conduct that guide a business's polices, decisions and actions
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)
A Painful and crippling condition affectiong the hands and wrists that can be caused by computer use.
Cloud Computing
To use data, applications, and resources stored on computers accessed over the Internet rather than on users' computers.
Communications
The transmission of data from one device to another
Computer
A programmable, electronic device that accepts data input, performs processing operations on that data, and outputs and stores the results
Computer Ethics
Standards of moral conduct as they relate to computer use
Copyright
The legal right to sell, publish or distribute an original artistic or literary work; it is held by the creator of the work as soon as it exists in physical form
Data
Raw, unorganized facts
DeQuevain's Tendonitis
A condition in which the tendons on teh thumb side of the wrist are swollen and irritated
Desktop Computer
A personal computer designed to fit on or next to a desk
Digital Rights Management (DRM) Software
Software used to protect and manage the rights of creators of digital content.
Digital Watermarks
A subtle alteration of digital content that indentifies the copyright holder
Domain Name
A text-based Internet address used to uniquely identify a computer on the Internet
Dumb Terminal
A computer that must be connected to a network to perform processing or storage tasks.
e-Trash
Electronic trash or waste, such as discarded computer components
Eco-label
A certification, usually issued by a government agency, that identifies a device as meeting minimal environmental performance specifications.
Email
Messages sent from one user to another over the Internet or other network
Email Address
An Internet address consisting of a username and computer domain name that uniquely identifies a person on the Internet.
Embedded Computer
A tiny computer embedded in a product and desighned to perform specific task or functions for that product.
End User
A person who uses the computer to perform task or obtain information
Ergonomics
The science of fitting a work environment to the people who work there.
Ethics
Overall standards of moral conduct
Fair Use
Permits limited duplication and use of a portion of copyrighted material for specific purposes, such as criticism, commentary, news reporting, teaching, and research.
Green Computing
The use of computers in an environmentally friendly manner
Hardware
The physical parts of a computer
Information
Data that has been processed into a meaninful form
Input
The process of enterin data into a computer; can also refer to the data itself
Intellectual Property Rights
The legal rights to which creators of original crative works are entitled.
Internet
The largest and most well-known computer network, linking millions of computers all over the world.
Internet Address
An address that identifies a computer, person, or Web pafe on the internet, such as an IP address, domain name, or email address
Internet Appliance
A specialized network computer designed primarily for internet access and/or email exchange
Internet Service Provider (ISP)
A business or other organization that provides internet access, typically for a fee.
IP Address
A numeric internet address used to uniquely identify a computer on the Internet
Mainframe Computer
A computer used in a large orgainzations that manage large amounts of centralized data and run multiple programs simulaneously
Midrange Server (Minicomputer)
A medium-size computer used to host programs and data for a small network
Moblie Device
A very small communications device with built-in computing or Internet capability.
Netbook
A very small notebook computer
Network
Computers and other devices that are connected to share hardware, software, and data
Notebook Computer ( Laptop Computer)
A small personal computer designed to be carried around easily
Output
The process of presenting results of processing; also refer to the results themselves.
Personal Computer (PC)
A type of computer based on a miroprocessor and designed to be used by one person at a time.
Plagiarism
...
Portable Computer
...
Process
...
Processing
...
Repetitive Stress Injury (RSI)
...
Software
...
Storage
...
Supercomputer
...
Supercomputing Cluster
...
Surf the Web
...
Tablet Computer
...
Thin Client
...
Trademark
...
Ultra-Moblie PC (UMPC)
...
Uniform Resource Locater (URL)
...
Username
...
Virtualization
...
Web Browser
...
Web Page
...
Web Server
...
Web Site
...
World Wide Web ( Web or WWW)
...
True or False
Information is processed into data?
FALSE
True or False
The physical parts of a computer are called hardware?
TRUE
True or False
The most powerful and most expensive type of computer availableis the ultracomputer?
FALSE
True or False
An IP address uniqely identifies a specific web page?
FALSE
True or False
The current fastest computer in the world is technially a(n) supercomputing cluster?
TRUE
What are the following primary operation of a computer?
Input-entering data into the computer
Processing- performing operations on the data
Output- presenting the results
Storage-saving data, programs, or output
Who are the computer professionals who write the programs that computers use today?
Programmers
What browsing allows you to open multiple Web pages at one time?
Tabbed
Presenting someone else's work as your own is called?
Plagiarism
The term ..... refers to the programs or instructions used to tell the computer hardware what to do?
Software
ISP Stands for ?
Internet Service Provider
212.41.18.147 is an example of a(n)?
IP address
The legal concept of ....... permits limitited duplication and useof a portion of copyrighted material for specific purposes?
Fair use
The average U.S. household spends approximately.... per yr. powering devices that are turned off or in standby mode
$100