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77 terms

NC DMV Driver's Test

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BAC level (Blood Alcohol Concentration)
0.08 percent
Risk of accident
0.05 percent
Risk of fatal crash
0.08 percent
DWI
Driving While Impaired offense (1983)
BAC of 0.08 percent or more
Driving privileges are revoked for a minimum of 30 days
Proof of DWI
- By proving the driver's physical or mental
fitness are appreciably impaired by alcohol,
drugs or a combination of both; or
- By proving the driver's blood alcohol
concentration is 0.08 percent or more.
DWI laws
• Allow enforcement agencies to set up road
blocks to check for impaired drivers;
• Prohibit drivers from consuming any alcoholic
beverage, including beer, while driving;
• Prohibit the transport of an open container of
any alcoholic beverage, including in the
passenger area of the car;
• Prohibit the possession of alcoholic beverages
(open or closed) in the passenger area of a
commercial motor vehicle while upon any
highway, street or public vehicular area;
• Provide for different levels of severity
of punishment based on the severity of
the offense;
• Require persons who are convicted of DWI
for the second time to serve a jail sentence;
• Attempt to punish DWI offenders, but
also try to help them deal with problems
they may have with alcohol;
• Require that repeat DWI offenders or
persons with high BACs be checked to
see if they have an alcohol problem;
• Require persons with lower BACs to
attend alcohol safety schools; and
• Require anyone convicted of DWI to obtain a
substance abuse assessment prior to the
Types of DWI convictions
First conviction
Second conviction
Third conviction
Fourth conviction
First conviction
Mandatory revocation of your driver license for a period of one year.
Second conviction
Mandatory driver license revocation for a period of four years when convicted of a prior offense which occurred within three years of the current offense for which the license is being revoked.
Third conviction
Mandatory, permanent driver license revocation if at least one of the prior convictions occurred within the past five years.
Fourth conviction
Mandatory permanent driver license revocation. The fourth conviction is considered a felony if the three prior DWI convictions occurred within the past seven years.
BAC Restrictions
- BAC restrictions are required when a license is restored following a suspension for DWI
- 1st restoration: 0.04 percent
- 2nd or more: 0.00 percent
- BAC restriction of 0.00 percent if :
• driving commercial motor vehicle,
• driving after consuming alcohol or drugs while
under the age of 21 or
• felony death by vehicle
one-year driver license revocation
• Any underage person who tries to
purchase or purchases alcohol for themselves or another person
• Any underage person who obtains or
attempts to obtain alcoholic beverages by
using a fake ID
• Any person who permits his or her driver
license or any other ID to be used by an
underage person to purchase or attempt
to purchase an alcoholic beverage.

!! If a driver who is less than 21 years old is
convicted for an offense of driving with any
amount of alcohol or drugs in his/her body, his/
her license will be revoked for one year.
Driver License Points
If you accumulate as many as 12 points within a three-year period, your license may be
suspended.
2nd Suspension
accumulation of eight points within three years following the reinstatement of
your license
Suspension times
• 60 days for the first suspension;
• 6 months for the second; and
• 12 months for the third.
Five Point Value for Offenses
Passing a stopped school bus
Aggressive driving
Four Point Value for Offenses
• Reckless driving
• Hit and run, property damage only
• Following too closely
• Driving on wrong side of road
• Illegal passing
• Failure to yield right of way to pedestrian pursuant to G.S. 20-158 (b) (2) b.
• Failure to yield right of way to bicycle, motor scooter or motorcycle
Three Point Value for Offenses
• Running through stop sign
• Speeding in excess of 55 mph
• Failure to yield right of way
• Running through red light
• No driver license or license expired more than one year
• Failure to stop for siren
• Driving through safety zone
• No liability insurance
• Failure to report accident where such report is required
• Speeding in a school zone in excess of the posted school zone speed limit
Two Point Value for Offenses
• Failure to properly restrain a child in a restraint or seat belt
• All other moving violations
One Point Value for Offenses
Littering pursuant to G.S. 14-399 when the littering involves the use of a motor vehicle
Eight Point Value for Offenses (Commercial Vehicle)
Passing stopped school bus
Six Point Value for Offenses (Commercial Vehicle)
• Rail-highway crossing violation
• Careless and reckless driving in violation of G.S.20-140(f)
• Speeding in violation of G.S. 20-141(j3)
• Aggressive driving
Five Point Value for Offenses (Commercial Vehicle)
• Reckless driving
• Hit and run, property damage only
• Following too closely
• Driving on wrong side of road
• Illegal passing
• Failure to yield right of way to pedestrian pursuant to G.S. 20-158 (b) (2) b.
• Failure to yield right of way to bicycle,
motor scooter or motorcycle
Four Point Value for Offenses (Commercial Vehicle)
• Running through stop sign
• Speeding in excess of 55 miles per hour
• Failure to yield right of way
• Running through red light
• No driver license or license expired more than one year
• Failure to stop for siren
• Driving through safety zone
• No liability insurance
• Failure to report accident where such report is required
• Speeding in a school zone in excess of the posted school zone speed limit
• Possessing alcoholic beverage in the passenger
area of a commercial motor vehicle
Three Point Value for Offenses (Commercial Vehicle)
Point Value for Offenses (Commercial Vehicle)
One Point Value for Offenses (Commercial Vehicle)
Littering
30 day revocation
Driving any vehicle more than 15 miles per hour over the speed limit if you are driving at a speed higher than 55 mph.
60 day revocation
• A second charge of speeding over 55 mph and more than 15 mph above the speed limit within one year
• Speeding plus reckless driving on the same occasion
Suspensions
• Two convictions of speeding over 55 mph within a period of 12 months
• One conviction of speeding over 55 mph and one conviction of reckless driving within a year
• A conviction of willful racing with another motor vehicle, whether it is prearranged or unplanned
• A suspended court sentence or part of a
sentence mandating that you must not operate a motor vehicle for a specified period of time; and/or
• A conviction for speeding over 75 mph.
Time Suspensions
• Manslaughter 1 year
• Death by vehicle 1 year
• Manslaughter while under the
influence of an impairing substance Permanent
• Assault with a motor vehicle 1 year
• Failure to stop and give aid when
involved in an accident 1 year
Driving conditions
Influenced by physical and mental health
Driving drowsy
Silent Killer
Who is at risk: young people, adults with young children, shift workers, people with sleep disorders
Sleep
- 5hours of sleep the night before -> 4-5 times more likely to crash than someone who got a full 8 hours of rest.
Ways to prevent drowsy sleeping
• At least 6 hours of sleep before a trip
• Stop, pull over to a safe place and take a
nap - if you can't switch drivers
• Travel at times when you are normally awake
• Travel with an awake passenger who can keep a conversation going
• Take a break every two hours or every 100
miles
• Drink a caffeinated beverage and wait about
30 minutes
Types of distractions
Physical, Mental and Combination
Physical Distractions
Distractions that cause the driver to take his or her hands off the wheel or eyes off the road such as tuning a radio or dialing a cell phone.
Mental Distractions
Activities that take the driver's mind off the road such as having a conversation or thinking about an emotional event.
Combination
Some activities take your hands, eyes and mind off the task at hand such as reading a map while driving.
Dealing with Cell Phones
• Texting/e-mailing while driving is illegal
• Use your cell phone only if it is absolutely necessary; at a safe time and place
• Ask a passenger to speak for you
Alcohol facts
• About 38 percent of all traffic fatalities involve alcohol.
• Alcohol will first affect your judgement— you may think you can drive safely when you cannot.
• The amount of alcohol in a one-ounce shot of whiskey, five-ounce glass of wine and 12-ounce bottle of beer is the same.
• Black coffee, fresh air and cold showers DO NOT help someone to become more sober — only time will help.
Mature Drivers
• Drive on familiar roads and streets;
• Drive short distances;
• Change your driving habits to fit your
capabilities; and
• Avoid heavy and fast-moving traffic.
Seat Belts
Driver and passengers must have seat belts fastened at all times
Rules about speed
• Never drive faster than the speed limit or at a speed that is unreasonable or unwise given the existing conditions.
• Allow a safe distance between you and the
vehicle in front of you (the "two-second rule").
• The faster you are moving, the farther ahead
you must be able to see to allow enough
distance for stopping.
Maximum Speed Limit
In cities and towns 35
For school buses 45
For school activity buses 55
Outside cities and towns 55
For interstates 70
The best way to handle a curve
1. Slow down before you enter the curve so that you will not need to brake while you are in the curve;
2. Gradually increase your speed to maintain the traction necessary for good control of the vehicle as you round the curve;
3. If you must brake in the curve, apply the brakes
gradually until you are sure it is safe to keep
continuous pressure on the brake pedal;
4. Begin to turn the vehicle just prior to the point where the road begins to turn; and
5. Stay on your side of the road and drive as far to the right as you can.
Curve While Traveling Downhill
1. Consider the pull of gravity;
2. Shift to a lower gear before moving downhill; and
3. Begin to brake earlier and approach the curve more slowly than you would on a level roadway.
Driving on the left-hand side
- On one-way streets
- While passing
Adjusting Speed to Driving Conditions
- The speed at which you drive determines the distance required to stop your vehicle.
- Stopping distance also depends on your reaction time
- Stopping distances are longer at higher speeds because a vehicle travels farther during the driver's reaction time, and it takes more braking distance to come to a full stop.
- If you are traveling 55 miles per hour your vehicle requires aprx. 211 feet to stop completely
- Each additional mile traveled per hour reduces the driver's ability to control the vehicle
Pedestrians
- Always yield right of way to pedestrians
- No traffic signals: pedestrians have the right of way if they are in marked crosswalks
- Ordinary traffic signals: pedestrians must obey the
same signals
- Green light: pedestrians have the right of way over all vehicles
- Yellow or red: drivers must allow the pedestrian
to complete the crossing safely
- The law requires drivers to use the horn whenever a pedestrian may be affected by a turn, stop or start from a parked position.
School buses
- Max speed limit is 45 mph
- Operating hours: 7-9 a.m. and 2-4 p.m.
- Stop signal or flashing lights: drivers must stop
All traffic from both directions must stop when:
- Two-lane roadway
- Two-lane roadway with a center turning lane
- Four-lane roadway without a median separation
Only traffic following the bus must stop when:
- Divided highway of four lanes or more with a median separation
- Roadway of four lanes or more with a center turning lane
Emergency and Law Enforcement Vehicles
- Drive to the right-hand curb or edge of the road and stop completely
- Remain stopped until the emergency vehicle has passed - Does not apply to four lane highways
-
When stopped by enforcement vehicles
- dual-lane highway, ALWAYS pull to the right and off the travel portion of the highway
- On a highway, a driver should pull his vehicle onto the most feasible
- remain seated in the vehicle and place the vehicle in the "parked" position shoulder of the highway in a safe manner
- Activate the vehicle's hazard lights
- Place both hands on the steering wheel
Don't - When stopped by enforcement vehicles
- Do not move around in the vehicle,
- Reach under the seats or enter the glove box or center console
- Do not exit the vehicle
Traffic signals
Used to control traffic and pedestrians at some intersections and crosswalks
Circular green signal
- Means GO
- left turning traffic is "unprotected"
- must yield the right of way to oncoming traffic
Circular yellow signal
- "caution"
- The signal is about to turn red
- Stop for a yellow signal unless you are too close to the intersection to stop safely
Steady red circular
- "STOP."
- a right turn can be made after coming to a complete stop unless there is a "NO TURN
ON RED,"
- Failure to yield: penalty of not more than $500 and not less than $100
Green arrow signal
- you have a "protected" turning movement with no other conflicting traffic
Red arrow signal
- Turning traffic must stop
Arrow signal + circular signal
- turning traffic is controlled by the arrow
signals and
- through traffic is controlled by the circular signals
Malfunctioned traffic light
- Approach to the intersection as if there were a stop sign
Red Flashing Signals
stop and do not proceed to move until you can enter the intersection without
interfering with approaching traffic.
Orange Flashing Signals
Slow down and proceed with caution
Three types of signs
- Regulatory
- Warning Signs
- Guide/Informational Signs
STOP sign
- Octagon
- White STOP on red background
- Posted six to 50 feet from the intersection.
- A vehicle must stop at an intersection
Yield Sign
- Triangular shaped with the point at the bottom
- Red and white sign with YIELD in the middle
- Drivers must slow down and yield the right of way
- Must stop if there is a lot of traffic
Other regulatory signs
- Rectangular and square-shaped signs
- Black and white or red and white
- They might have a message
Warning Signs
- Yellow with black writing
- Diamond-shaped
- Drive with extra care
Guide/Informational signs
- Directions, routes, distances and indicate services
Interstate, U.S. and N.C. highways
- Numbered and marked
- Odd-numbered highways run N-S
- Even-numbered highways run E-W
Interstate, U.S. and N.C. highways
Type Shape
- US highway signs Black Shield
- NC route markers Diamond
- Interstate RWB Shield
Other signs
- Hospital/Tel Blue and White
- Direction + Dist Rect, Green, Brown - or Blue
Pavement markings
- Y. lanes separate travel lanes moving in
opposite directions.
- W. lanes separate travel lanes moving in the same direction.

- A yellow skipped or broken line is used as the center line on a two-lane, two-way road where passing with care is permitted in both directions.