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41 terms

Blood chapter 11

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agglutinate
antibodies causing antigens to clump or stick together
anemia
deficient number of red blood cells or deficient hemoglobin
antibody
a substance produced by the body that destroys or inactivates an antigen that has entered the body.
antigen
a substance that, when introduced into the body, causes the formation of antibodies against it
aplastic anemia
blood disorder characterized by a low red blood cell count, caused by destruction of myeloid tissue in the bone marrow.
basophil
a granular white blood cell with granules that secrete heparin & histamine.
buffy coat
a thin light colored layer of white blood cells and platelets than lie between a top layer of plasma and red blood cells
carbaminohemoglobin
the compound formed by the union of carbon dioxide with hemoglobin
embolism
obstruction of a blood vessel by foreign matter carried in the bloodstream
embolus
a clot or air bubbles carried in the bloodstream that obstructs when it lodges
eosinophil
a granular (leukocyte) white blood cell that defense against parasites
erythroblastosis fetalis
severe anemia in newborn babies, a disease that made develop when a RH-negative mother has a antibodies and gives birth to an RH-positive baby and antibodies react with the RH-positive cells of the baby
erythrocyte
red blood cell & has no nuclei
fibrin
insoluble protein in clotted blood
fibrinogen
soluble blood protein that is converted to insoluble fibrin in the clotting process
hemogloblin
iron containing protein in the blood.(carries oxygen in the red blood cells)
hematocrit
volume percentage of red blood cells in the blood
hemorrhagic anemia
Disorder: Anemia due to excessive bleeding, Decreased in oxygen carrying capacity in blood caused by bleeding.
heparin
The liver produces this to thin the blood;, Prevents blood clotting
leukemia
cancer characterized by an increase in abnormal white blood cells
leukocyte
white blood cell
leukocytosis
abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells
leukopenia
an abnormal lowering of the white blood cell count
lymphocyte
type of white blood cell that produces antibodies that help destroy pathogens
macrophage
phagocytic cells in the immune system
monocyte
a granular single cell; defense phagocytosis
neutrophil
a granular (leukocyte) white blood cell that defense phagocytosis
oxyhemoglobin
hemoglobin combined with oxygen
pernicious anemia
A decrease in red blood cells that occurs when the body cannot properly absorb vitamin B12 from the gastrointestinal tract.
phagocyte
a cell that engulfs and digests debris and invading microorganisms
plasma
liquid portion of the blood
plasma protein
Fibrinogen, Globulin, Albumin, serveral proteins found in blood plasma
polycthemia
an excessive number of red blood cells
prothrombin
a protein substance in the blood that is essential to the clotting process
prothrombin activator
a protein formed by clotting factors from damaged tissue cells and platelets; it converts prothrombin into thrombin, a step essential to forming a blood clot
serum
blood plasma minus clotting proteins and cells; still has antibodies
sickle cell anemia
Red blood cells shaped in cresent and cant carry oxygen as quickly, causing anemia and death
thrombin
protein important in blood clotting
thrombocyte
(blood clotting cell) plays a role in blood clotting & another name for platelet
thrombosis
formation of a blood clot in a blood vessel
thrombus
a stationary blood clot and stays in place where it formed.