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52 terms

SS Constitution Test

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What is the main job performed by the legislative branch?
To make laws
What does bicameral mean?
Having two lawmaking parts
What are proposals for new laws called?
Bills
How long do members of the House of Representatives serve?
Two years
How old do you have to be to be a representative in the House of Representatives?
25
How old do you have to be to be in the Senate?
30
Who has the power to raise taxes and revenue?
The House of Representatives
How long is a Senate term?
Six years
Who has the power to declare war?
Congress
How many members are in the Senate?
100
How many members are there in the House of Representatives?
435
How long is the length of a term for the president?
4 years
What is the minimum age to be president?
35
Who has the power to make treaties with foreign countries?
The president
Who has the power to nominate officers of the U.S.?
The president
Who is commander-in-chief of the U.S. military?
The president
Who has the power to try all impeachments?
The Senate
What is the main job of the executive branch?
To carry out the laws
What does the president promise to defend when he takes the oath of office?
The Constitution of the United States
What do cabinet members do?
Advise the president
What is the main job performed by the judicial branch?
To do trials and decide if laws are constitutional
What different kinds of courts make up the judicial branch?
The Supreme Court and inferior courts
What does the term "judicial review" mean?
That the court will review it
How long is a Supreme Court term?
Life
How has the authority to resolve issues with laws?
The Supreme Court
Who can settle disputes between the states?
The Supreme Court
How many members are there in the Supreme Court?
9
What does the term "checks and balances" mean?
It's the system that allows each branch of government to limit the power of the other branches
Why was checks and balances included in the Constitution?
So that no one branch of government would have too much power
Who can override a veto?
The legislative branch
Who has the power to review laws and treaties?
The judicial branch
Who has to approve people that the president puts in government positions?
The Senate
Who has to approve treaties made with foreign countries?
The Senate
Who has the power to veto laws?
The president
Who can check the power of the judiciary branch by impeachment?
The House of Representatives
Why is it possible to change the Constitution?
So that the Constitution would change along with the times so the government would stay stable
How can an amendment get approved?
By 2/3 of Congress, then 3/4 of state legislatures
Who has the power to propose amendments?
Congress
Who has to approve amendments?
The states
How many amendments are there?
27
Why is the power of the government shared between the nation and the states?
So the nation is unified, but there's still local control
What is federalism?
The constitutional system that shares power between the national and state governments
Who has the power to print/coin money?
Congress
What does "supreme law of the land" mean?
It's the overruling law in the U.S. States can't make contradicting laws.
Who has the power to bring impeachment to court?
Congress
What is Article 1 about?
The legislative branch
What is Article 2 about?
The executive branch
What is Article 3 about?
The judicial branch
What is article 4 about?
Relations between the states
What is article 5 about?
Amending the Constitution
What is article 6 about?
The Constitution as the Supreme Law of the Land
What is article 7 about?
Ratifying the Constitution