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28 terms

ap art history french study guide

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Describe the temple of "fortuna Virilis" (Temple of Portunus), Rome?
Pseudo Periptural
Name the architecture feature that is uniquely Greek in style and was imported to Rome in the first century BCE?
Tholos
Roman temple design the Republican period reflected the colossal design of the Greek Hellenistic style. this can be seen in which temples?
sanctuary of Fortuna, Palestrina
Freed slaves often ordered portait reliefs for thier tombs. what is the best reason for this?
they commemorate their new status as Roman citizens.
What structural materials allowed the architect of the Santuary of Fortuna Primigenia to raise such a grand and eloquent expression of Roman power?
by transforming the entire hillside, it is an emblematic of the growing dominance in Rome.
The Republica portaitrs are usuallu of older men. what explains the life-like veritism of these portraits?
tradition of treasured house of images
what was the first to break with tradition and use his portrait on Roman coinage?
Julius Ceasar
what would be located in a forum and would house the law court for the city?
The basilica
The Arch of Titus shows the military triumphs of titus, returning after the succesful conclusion of the Jewish Wars in 70 CE. what was also included in the sculptural program for the Arch of Titus?
celebration of imperial virtues
Flavian portaits, unlike Republican portraits, showed people of all ages and both sexes. what was one of the purposes of the portrait bust of the Flavian Woman (probably a Flavian proncess?)
project beauty through contemporary fashion rather than by refrenses to goddesses
what would describe the "baroque" style of the 2nd century CE tomb nicknames Al- Khazneh, the treasury, located at Petra?
most elaborat of tomb facades cut into rock. rose colored mountains.
The Pantheon was one of the most influential designs in the history of architecture. it brought new meaning to the concept of "architectural space." what description characterized this influential work?
design intersection of two circles
What best decribes and distinguishes in the "First Style" of Roman painting?
imitates costly marble by using stucco relief.
what best describes and distinguishes the "Fourt Style" of Roman Painting?
irrational fantasies
Pompeian wall paintings of the second style are characterized by what?
wall open to illusionistic landscape
where would an oculus be foudn?
center of dome
What did the EMperor Trajan commisioned?
arapacus (altar of peace)
The sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia was characterized by what?
monumental concrete barrel vaults
the reliefs on the Column of Trajan are not a reliable chranological account of the Dacian campaigns; however, htey fo present an accurate record of the general character of the campaigns. what also describes the narative?
dacians were depicted respectively and their skills as warriors acknowledged
coffering was a useful architectural device in that it performed what function?
lessened domes weight without weakening structure.
The palace at Tivoli was constructed for which emperor?
Hadian
Christianity was recognized as the offical religion of ROme in the early fourth century CE by what?
costatine
In Contrast to a Greek temple, Roman temples usually were
pseudo periptural
which famous Roman building included all of the following features: barrel vaults, groin vaults, and a central dome over an eight-sided room.
Pantheon
The figures from the frieze of the Villa of Mysteries are thought to depict an initiation into What?
Cult of Dionysus
which style of wall painting was least characeristic of Roman wall painting
mathmatical and linear perspective
a large palace/fort was built at Split in Yugoslavia by
Diocletion
The most pronounced influence of Greek Classical art on Roman art could be seen in work done for what?
Agustus