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APUSH The American Pageant 12e Chapter 25 Urbanization, Immigration, and Culture
Terms in this set (73)
United States architect known for his steel framed skyscrapers and for coining the phrase 'form follows function' (1856-1924)
(Sister Carrie, 1900), American naturalist who wrote The Financier and The Titan. Like Riis, he helped reveal the poor conditions people in the slums faced and influenced reforms.
5 or 6 story dwellings, with a shape to accommodate the air flow requirements, tenements built in New York City after the Tenement House Act of 1879 and before the so-called "New Law" of 1901.
It is one where the workers are employed through their leader known as the padroni who advances transportation charges and supplies food and clothing for them. In return for these services, the workers agree to serve any employer with whom the padroni had contracted to sell a worker's labor.
William Tweed, head of Tammany Hall, NYC's powerful democratic political machine in 1868. Between 1868 and 1869 he led the Tweed Reign, a group of corrupt politicians in defrauding the city. Example: Responsible for the construction of the NY court house; actual construction cost $3million. Project cost tax payers $13million.
Lead the Social Gospel Movement. Worked in NYC's Hell's Kitchen and wrote several books urging organized religions to take up the cause of social justice.
Movement led by Washington Gladden - taught religion and human dignity would help the middle class over come problems of industrialization
1860-1935. Founder of Settlement House Movement. First American Woman to earn Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 as president of Women's Intenational League for Peace and Freedom.
Settlement house founded by progressive reformer Jane Adams in Chicago in 1889
founded the Henry Street Settlement and Visiting Nurse Service which provided nursing and social services and organized educational and cultural activities. She is considered the founder of public health nursing
An advocate for improving the lives of women and children. (Social Welfare). She was appointed chief inspector of factories in Illinois. She helped win passage of the Illinois factory act in 1893 which prohibited child labor and limited women's working hours.
a policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
American Protective Association
An organization created by nativists in 1887 that campaigned for laws to restrict immigration
Immigration restriction laws
In the 1890's the federal government assumed sole jurisdiction to monitor immigration, a task that had previously been delegated by contract to states with port cities. The government built a depot on Ellis Island in New York Harbor, through which all immigrants were to be processed. Outbreaks of smallpox, typhus and cholera in New York between 1882 and 1892, heightened concern about the possibility of alien contagion prompted the adoption of individual health inspections for each arriving immigrant - especially for the contagious eye disease trachoma.
Dwight Lyman Moody
gospel of kindness & forgiveness ;; 1889 founded Moody Bible Institute in Chicago
Came to be recognized as the leader of the Church in America. He wrote 'The Faith of Our Fathers' and helped to bring thousands of converts into the Church. Even the presidents from Hayes to Wilson looked to him for counsel. He is important to America because of his good influence on everyone, helping to change the country for the better.
Mary Baker Eddy
She founded the Church of Christ(Christian Science) in 1879. Preached that the true practice of Christianity heals sickness. (No need for a doctor, if have enough faith can heal self). Wrote a widely purchased book, "Science and Health with a key to the Scriptures".
a two year teacher education institution popular in the 19th century. many normal schools were expanded to become today's state colleges and universities.
were added to public schools in an effort to provide an educational environment for young children of working mothers.
One of the first adult education programs. Started in 1874 as a summer training program for Sunday School teachers, it developed into a travelling lecture series and adult summer school which traversed the country providing religious and secular education though lectures and classes.
Booker T. Washington
Prominent black American, born into slavery, who believed that racism would end once blacks acquired useful labor skills and proved their economic value to society, was head of the Tuskegee Institute in 1881. His book "Up from Slavery."
George Washington Carver
United States botanist and agricultural chemist who developed many uses for peanuts and soy beans and sweet potatoes (1864-1943)
W. E. B. DuBois
1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination, to oppose racism and to gain civil rights for African Americans, got Supreme Court to declare grandfather clause unconstitutional
of 1862, in this act, the federal government had donated public land to the states for the establishment of college; as a result 69 land- grant institutions were established.
1887 act that provided funds for agricultural experiment stations in connection with land grant colleges
Dr. Charles W. Eliot
pres of Harvard worked for educational statesmanship. changed motto from for Christ and Chuch to truth
1842-1910; Field: functionalism; Contributions: studied how humans use perception to function in our environment; Studies: Pragmatism, The Meaning of Truth
Carnegie used his wealth to help found multiple libraries and educational advances within public libraries
publisher of "new York World" who used yellow journalism, was very critical of the Spanish
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
William Randolph Hearst
United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting changed American journalism (1863-1951)
Edwin L. Godkin
(The Nation, 1865), Launched the New York Nation in 1865 which crusaded for civil service reform, honesty in gov, and moderate tariff; believed if paper reached the right people it could make a difference
(Progress and Poverty, 1879), San Fransisco journalist published a provocative book in 1879 that was an instant best seller. It jolted readers to look more critically at the effects of laissez-faire economics. The book is called "Progress and Poverty" and proposes on putting a single tax on land as the solution to poverty.
(Looking Backward, 1888), In 1888, he wrote Looking Backward, 2000-1887, a description of a utopian society in the year 2000.
Gen. Lew Wallace
(Ben Hur, 1880), Leaders of the Army of the West at the Battle of Ft. Donelson
Wallace later become famous for writing "Ben Hurr"
Popular novelist during the Industrial Revolution who wrote "rags to riches" books praising the values of hard work
(Leaves of Grass), American poet and transcendentalist who was famous for his beliefs on nature, as demonstrated in his book, Leaves of Grass. He was therefore an important part for the buildup of American literature and breaking the traditional rhyme method in writing poetry.
Reclusive New England poet who wrote about love, death, and immortality
(The Awakening, 1899), United States writer who described Creole life in Louisiana (1851-1904)
Master of satire. A regionalist writer who gave his stories "local color" through dialects and detailed descriptions. His works include The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, "The Amazing Jumping Frog of Calaverus County," and stories about the American West.
United States writer noted for his stories about life during the California gold rush (1836-1902)
William Dean Howells
wrote The Rise of Silas Lapham, and other works, in which he described what he considered the shallowness and corruption in ordinary American lifestyles.
(Red Badge of Courage, 1895), wrote Red Badge of Courage; American novelist, short story writer, poet, journalist, raised in NY and NJ; style and technique: naturalism, realism, impressionism; themes: ideals v. realities, spiritual crisis, fears
American writer who lived in England. Wrote numerous novels around the theme of the conflict between American innocence and European sophistication/corruption, with an emphasis on the psychological motivations of the characters. Famous for his novel Washington Square and his short story "The Turn of the Screw."
United States writer of novels based on experiences in the Klondike gold rush (1876-1916)
Muckraker during the Progressive Era; wrote "The Octopus" (1901) that described the power of the railroads over Western farmers
radical, publicly proclaimed free love, fought for women's rights, women's suffrage (vote), first female to run for presidency
United States reformer who led moral crusades against art and literature that he considered obscene (1844-1915)
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
A major feminist prophet during the late 19th and early 20th century. She published "Women and Economics" which called on women to abandon their dependent status and contribute more to the community through the economy. She created centralized nurseries and kitchens to help get women into the work force.
National Women's Suffrage Association, (NWSA, 1890)
led by Carrie Chapman and Harriet Stanton Blatch; sought the support of working-class women and tied the economic exploitation of women to their lack of political power.
Carrie Chapman Catt
Spoke powerfully in favor of suffrage, worked as a school principal and a reporter ., became head of the National American Woman Suffrage, an inspiried speaker and abrilliant organizer. Devised a detailed battle plan for fighting the war of suffrage.
Ida B. Wells
the lynching of blacks outraged her, an african american journalist. in her newspaper, free speech, wells urged african americans to protest the lynchings. she called for a boycott of segregated street cars and white owned stores. she spoke out despite threats to her life.
National Association of Colored Women
Founders of the NACW included Harriet Tubman, Frances E.W. Harper, Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, and Mary Church Terrell. The NACW became involved in campaigns in favor of women's suffrage and against lynching and Jim Crow laws. They also led efforts to improve education, and care for both children and the elderly.
Women's Christian Temperance Association
(WCTA, 1874) Anti-alcohol women's group.
Frances E. Willard
Leader of Woman's Christian Temperance Union.
Founded WCTU to outlaw selling/drinking alcohol. She was married to an abusive man that she killed with an axe and she didn't get punished for it. She formed a group that walked into bars with axes.
(1893), National organization set up in 1895 to work for prohibition. Later joined with the WCTU to publicize the effects of drinking.
Nurse during the Civil War; started the American Red Cross
(1834-1903) A member of the realist movement, although his works were often moody and eccentric. Best known for his Arrangement in Black and Grey, No.1, also known asWhistler's Mother.
John Singer Sargent
United States painter (born in Italy) known for his society portraits (1856-1925)
1825-1894; American landscape painter
Specialized in painting the everyday lifes of working-class men and women and used the new technology of serial-actions photographs to study human anatomy and paint it more realistically.
broke the Old World traditions in art, and was vigorously American in his paintings of New England maritime life and other native subjects.
He was the only known American sculptor of this period. His sculptures were usually large and robust.
Henry H. Richardson
Architect who designed Woburn Public Library; "Richardsonian" style
(Chicago, 1893), An exposition held in Chicago in 1893 to honor the four-hundredth anniversary of Columbus's first voyage; so-called dream of loveliness; visited by over 27 million people; raised American artistic standards and promote city planning; was a revival of classical architectural forms, and a setback for realism.
A type of inexpensive variety show that first appeared in the 1870s, often consisting of comic sketches, song-and-dance routines, and magic acts
Phineas T. Barnum
James A. Bailey, was an American showman who is best remembered for his entertaining hoaxes and for founding the circus that eventually became the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus. He was a businessman above all else, his profession was pure entertainment,
"Buffalo Bill" Cody
This former pony express rider and Indian fighter and hero of popular dime novels for children traveled around the U.S. and Europe and put on popular Wild West shows. The shows included re-enactments of Indian battles and displays of horsemanship and riflery
Sports (participation and spectator)
This would be a great essay!
"Gentleman Jim" Corbett
...was an Irish-American heavyweight boxing champion, best known as the man who defeated the great John L. Sullivan. He also coached boxing at the Olympic Club in San Francisco. He stood at 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m), with a reach of 73 inches (185 cm).
United States educator (born in Canada) who invented the game of basketball (1861-1939)
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