92 terms

Chapter Two: The Amazing Mammals

abeka 5th grade investigating gods world
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Vertebrates
What are animals with backbones?
Mammals
What are warm-blooded vertebrates that produce milk, breath with lungs, and have at least some hair?
Habitat
What is the place an animal prefers to live?
Social Animals
What animals line in small or large groups with others of the same kind?
Warm-blooded
What type of animal was designed to maintain a relatively constant body temperature?
Fur
What is the dense hair that serves animals as a warm covering?
Wool
What is the thick, curly hair found on domestic sheep?
Spines or Quills
What are the prickly structures used to for protection?
Bristles
What are tough, short hairs found on pigs and the heads of whales?
Whiskers
What are long facial hairs used for the sense of touch?
Blubber
What is a double layer of fat under the skin of whales and dolphins that keeps them warm and helps them float?
Hard Plates
What type of protection do pangolins and armadillos have to cover the body?
Milk
What do mammals produce to nourish their young until they can eat and adult diet?
Mammary Glands
What produces milk in mammals?
Marsupials
What type of mammal give birth to live offspring that finish development in a special pouch?
Platypus and Echidna
Which two mammals are not born alive, but hatch from eggs instead?
Rodents
What is the largest group of mammals?
Mice
What are the smallest rodents?
Capybara
What are the largest rodents?
Herbivore
What type of animal only eats plants?
Carnivore
What type of animal only eats meat?
Omnivore
What type of animal eats plants and meat?
Gnawing
What type of teeth do rodents have?
Incisors
Which of the rodents' teeth never stop growing?
Rabbit
What animal, often mistaken for a rodent, is actually not a rodent?
Domestic
What are animals that have been tamed and raised for man's use for many generations?
Bubonic (black) Plague
What disease was carried from fleas, to rats, to people and cause high death rates in England?
Gray Squirrel
What is the most familiar squirrel in the Eastern United States?
Red Squirrels (Chickarees)
Which small squirrel is more aggressive and noisier than the Gray Squirrel?
Flying Squirrel
What type of squirrel is nocturnal and can glide from tree to tree?
Insectivore
What type of mammal feeds on insects?
Giant Anteater, Pangolin, and Aardvark
What animals are insectivores with long sticky tongues that like to eat ants?
Shrews
What insectivore is busy 24 hours a day and must eat one-two times their own body weight each day?
Pygmy Shrew
What is the smallest mammal?
Mole
What insectivore spends most of its life underground and cause extensive damage to farmland because of the holes they dig?
Hedgehog
What insectivore is covered in spines, curl into balls, and are common in Europe?
Bats
What are the only flying mammals?
Echidna
What is an egg-laying mammal with short spines?
Platypus
What is an egg-laying mammal that can live in water or on land?
Canine
What is the scientific name for dogs?
Feline
What is the scientific name for cats?
Purebreed
What is an animal whose father and mother are of the same breed?
Intelligence
What is the ability to learn a behavior?
Instinct
What is the inherited behavior pattern with which an animal is born?
Guard Hairs
What are the topcoat pf longer, stiffer hair that protect the undercoat and give the coat shape and texture?
Packs
What is a family group of wolves?
Territory
What is a specific area that an animal lives and hunts on?
Clan
What is a family group of coyotes?
Scavengers
What are animals that eat animals that have already died?
Foxes
What are the smallest canine that have sharp, pointed faces with long ears and long, bushy tails?
Arctic Fox
Which fox has a coat that changes color based on the season?
Eyeshine
What is the reflecting light that is produced from a felines eyes?
Retractile
What is special about the front claws of a feline?
Cat
What is the only domestic animal that is not a social animal?
Tiger
Which cat is the longest?
Lion
Which cat is known as "the king of beasts?"
Pride
What is a family group of lions called?
Mane
What is a unique characteristic of lions?
Jaguar
What is the largest cat in the Americas?
Black Panther
What is a black leopard?
Cheetah
What is the fastest land animal on earth?
Lynx and Bobcat
What are the most common North American wildcats?
Polar Bear
What bear has clear, hollow fibers for hair that reflect sunlight to make its fur look white?
Weasel
What animal has fur that changes colors with the seasons?
Musk
What is the odor that a skunk manufactures for protection?
Pelts
What are the skins of dead animals that are sold?
Primates
What order do gorillas, chimpanzees, and monkeys belong to?
Nails
What do primates have on their hands instead of claws?
Apes
What are primates without tales?
Mountain Gorilla
What is the largest ape?
Silverbacks
What are older gorillas with gray hair on their backs?
Chimpanzee
What is the best known primate?
Monkey
What primate has a tail?
New World Monkeys
What are the most beautiful and graceful of primates that include marmosets, squirrel monkeys, and woolly monkeys?
Spider Monkey
What is the largest New World monkey?
Capuchin
What New World monkey has been trained to help people who have paralyzed arms or legs?
Old World Monkeys
What monkeys cannot grasp things with their tails and include the baboon, mandrill, and colobus monkey
Horses
What are man's best helpers?
Molars
Which of the horses' teeth never stop growing?
Foal
What is a newborn horse?
Mare
What is a mother horse?
Stallion
What is a father horse?
Selective Breeding
Choosing an animal's parents to obtained the desired characteristics is called _________?
Ruminants
What are animals that chew the cud?
Four-chambered
How many chambers does a ruminate's stomach have?
Cattle
Where does half of the world's meat come from?
Moose
What is the largest deer?
Deer
What are wild ruminates that have antlers instead of horns?
Caribou
What animal, similar to reindeer, live in North America?
Balance of nature
What is seeing God's care in mature as an amazing design?
Extinct
What means that a species no longer exists?
Endangered Species?
What means that a species are protected by laws to prevent their extinction?