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78 terms

English Final Vocab 2011-2012

STUDY
PLAY
allegory
a literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent abstractions
parody
a composition that imitates somebody's style in a humorous way
internal conflict
a problem or struggle within a character
external conflict
a character struggles against some outside force: another character, society as a whole, or some natural force
foreshadowing
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
setting
the context and environment in which something is set
mood
the overall emotion created by a work of literature
satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
plot
the story that is told in a novel or play or movie etc.
narrator
someone who tells a story
round character
"fleshed out" - more sides and dimensions; varied and sometimes contradictory traits; complex, many different traits
flat character
"paper doll" - only 1 or 2 traits; can be described in 1 sentence
prose
any writing that is not poetry; resembles ordinary language
tone
the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author
myth
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
biography
a form of nonfiction in which a writer tells the life story of another person
foil character
a character that shares a theme with another character, yet differs in the way it is represented.
aside
a line spoken by an actor to the audience or to another actor but not intended for others on the stage
paraphrasing
rewriting or restating another person's ideas or thoughts into your own words
paradox
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
theme
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
symbol
a term, name, or picture in daily life that implies more than its apparent meaning
ex. a cross
metaphor
a comparison between two different things without using "like" or "as"
extended metaphor
metaphor that is extended, A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work.
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
simile
comparison between two different things using "like" or "as"
Homeric simile
simile that refers to everyday common events so many people can relate
dramatic irony
irony where the audience knows some crucial piece that the , occurs when another character(s) and/or the audience know more than one or more characters on stage about what is happening
verbal irony
A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant
autobiography
Story of a person's life written by that person
protagonist
the main character
stage directions
notes included in a drama to describe how the work is to be performed or staged
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
connotation
what you must know in order to determine the reference of an expression
denotation
the literal meaning of a word
personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
figurative language
writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
onomatopoeia
a word that imitates the sound it represents
oxymoron
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
diction
the author's choice of words that creates tone, attitude, and style, as well as meaning
speaker
the voice that communicates with the reader of the poem or play; the voice that talks to the audience
audience
one's listener or readership; those to whom a speech or piece of writing is addressed
antagonist
the character who works against the protagonist in the story
catharsis
a release of emotional tension
couplet
a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse, two consecutive rhyming lines of poetry
allusion
reference to another work of literature, event, person
soliloquy
in drama, a character speaks alone on stage to allow his/her thoughts and ideas to be conveyed to the audience
tragedy
A work in which the protagonist, a person of high degree, is engaged in a significant struggle and which ends in ruin or destruction
tragic hero
A literary character who makes an error of judgment or has a fatal flaw that, combined with fate and external forces, brings on a tragedy
sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
monologue
long speech by one person with events still occurring in the background
archetype
an original model or pattern
motif
A recurring theme, subject or idea
aphorism
short, witty statement about some truth or insight
style
a way of expressing something (in language or art or music etc.) that is characteristic of a particular person or group of people or period
epic
long narrative poem expressing details of a hero's adventures
drama
story written to be acted for an audience; action is usually by a character who wants something and takes steps to get it; OR a serious play that is neither comedy nor tragedy
comedy
in general, a story that ends happily
sign
abbreviations, acronyms, trademarks, badges, product names, etc. that have a meaning given by society for common usage/intention; only signify objects they refer to
ex. Band-aid
appositive/appositive phrase
word or phrase placed beside a noun or pronoun to explain or identify it
memoir
an account based on the author's personal experiences
Deductive reasoning
Take known information, generalize, and apply
Large claim -> Apply to specific
Inductive reasoning
Take evidence, generalize, and conclude
Evidence -> Generalization
blank verse
not rhyming lines in iambic pentameter (5 units/feet)
sonnet
14-line poem of rhymed iambic pentameter (5 units/feet)
juxtaposition
pitting of 2 sides, concepts, objects, next to each other in order to analyze
interior monologue
2 perspectives of the same event placed together in contrast
syntax
affects whole piece, often deals w/ punctuation; "word order"
free associative thought
all thoughts and ideas connect without discrepancy/discrimination or knowing why, just flowing thought, can be incomplete
creative nonfiction
no restrictions other than stay generally true to fact
stylistic freedom;uses literary techniques of fiction
literary journalism
truth, strict guidelines, goes into the action, emotions, culture, everyday people, the humanity
immersion, accuracy, symbolism, voice, structure
Biographical, Historical, New Historical Criticism
Contextual meaning, look at author's life, time
Gender Criticism
Based on reader's gender/attitude towards gender; feminist view; highlight differences between men and women; see gender of author/characters and their roles; stereotypes
Reader Response
Reader's own response, personal meaning and interpretation of text
Class/Social Power Theory; Marxist
Society through economic factors; characters: economic statuses, roles, effects?
Psychological
Analyze minds of author/characters