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34 terms

Greco/Roman

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Socrates
A philosopher who was from Athens. He spoke out against the sophists and created the Socratic Method.
Sophists
professional teachers in ancient Greece taught wealthy,young men
Covenant
(Bible) an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return
Covet
wish, long, or crave for (something, especially the property of another person)
Ethical monotheism
religion believing in one god, emphasizing ethics
gauntlet
a form of punishment in which a person is forced to run between two lines of men facing each other and armed with clubs or whips to beat the victim
martyr
one who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty for refusing to renounce their religion
Paul
(New Testament) a Christian missionary to the Gentiles
persecute
cause to suffer
anarchy
a lack of government and law; confusion
local autonomy
having a governer who can make decisions on their own
Aristocracy
the most powerful members of a society
assimilate
become similar to one's environment
Consul
one of two elected officials of the Roman Republic who commanded the army and were supreme judges
Democracy
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
inflation
a general and progressive increase in prices
republic
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
Rhetoric
art of public speaking
sophists
any of a group of Greek philosophers and teachers in the 5th century BC who speculated on a wide range of subjects
Veto
vote against
Senate
assembly possessing high legislative powers
Assembly
a group of people who are elected to make decisions or laws for a country or area
Collegia
use of workers trade association
latifundia
huge estates owned by wealthy families
Cleisthenes
An aristocrat, created a council of 500 and helped from Athenian democracy
Peisistratus
Seized power from Solon and exiled nobles who disagreed with him. He also distributed those nobles' land to poor farmers in need.
magistrates
public officials that ran gov't army
praetors
helped consuls and controlled the army
censors
elected officials, registered citizens according to wealth
patricians
controlled gov't and kept power through patronage system
plebians
suffered discrimination, had little rights and caused gov't to write laws down
Pax Romana
empire's economy prospered (27 B.C.-180 A.D.)
scientific
Galen, a physician wrote several volumes of medical knowledge of his day (A.D. 100s)
12 Tables
engraved laws on 12 Tables (450 B.C.)