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APHUG Final #1

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Formal Region
A region where one thing is the same everywhere within the boundary (shares one common characteristic)
Functional Region
A region focused on its central place (focal point)
Vernacular Region
A region that is part of their culutral identity
Expansion Diffusion
A pattern that originates in a central place then expands outwards in all directions
Hierarchical Diffusion
The pattern originates in a first order location then moves down to second order locations
Relocation Diffusion
The pattern begins at a point od origin and then crosses a significant physical barrier
Contagious Diffusion
The pattern begins at a point of origin and then moves outward to nearby locations
Stimulus Diffusion
A general idea diffuses and then stimulates the creation of new ideas
Stage 1
High birth and death rates low life expectancy low RNI
Stage 2
High birth rates decreasing death rates increasing life expectancy Highest RNI
Stage 3
Lowering birth rates low death rates higher life expectancy lowering RNI
Stage 4
Low birth and death rates highest life expectancy low or negative RNI
International Migration
When a group or a single person migrates out of their orignial country
Internal Migration
When a group or a single person migrates within the same country
What makes up a cultural landscape?
Artifacts, mentifacts, and sociofacts
What are the 4 major branches of the Indo-European family?
Germanic, Indo-Iranian, Romantic, and Balto-Slavic
Isogloss
The geographic boundry of a linguistic feature
Sino-Tibetan
Mandrin
Afro-Artisitc
Arabic
Austronesian
Vietnames
Dravidian
Tamil
Altaic
Turkish
Niger-Congo
Swanilii
Japanese
own language
Ravenstine's laws
1. most migrants go short distances 2. people who migrate long distances tend to go to urban areas
Christianity
Distributed all over the world, 2.1 billion people practice it, universal, one god, believers= eternal life
Buddhism
Notheast India, about 400 million, universal, living things endure suffering, suffering leads to reincarnation
Daoism
China, southeast asia, 400 million, universal and ethnic, Dao means the way, live a balanced and virtuos life
Baha'i
Africa, Asia, 8 million, universal, one god, all gods preach from the same god, the whole world is a family
Confucianism
South Korea, Austrailia, Germany, Japan, China, 6 million, Ethnic, treat others with respect, learn from past, mistakes aren't sins
Hindusim
India, Nepal, I billion, Ethnic, has millions of gods and goddesses, release from rebirth
Judaism
U.S. Asia, Europe, Latin America, Ethnic, one god, 10 comandments, god's chosen people to believe in him
Islam
Saudi Arabia, Middle East of Africa and Asia, 3.1 billion, one god, give to charity, pray 5x a day, universal
Shintoism
Japan, 3 million, parts of buddhism, follows code of cofucianism, scared spirts take forms, ethnic
Sikhism
India, 23 million, universal, one god, all humans=equal, reincarted until found peace with god
Universal
not rooted in on specific culture or location
attempt to appeal to all people
can be taught and rejected
salvation is indvidual, not communal
often have a specific founder or event that religion is based on
Ethnic
You are born into it
appeals to a specific group in a specific place
It closely ties to specific places and historical events
Most don't seek converters
Group salvation
Don't necessarily have a particular founder
Artifact
Material or physical things that relfect culture
Sociofact
The way in which a culture orginizes itself
Mentifact
The ideas, values, beliefs of a culture