DRIVERS ED: The Vehicle

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Terms in this set (...)

Speedometer
Indicates speed in both miles and kilometers per hour
Tachometer
Indicates rotations in the engine in revolutions per minute
Odometer
Indicates the total number of miles your car has been driven since it was manufactured
Fuel Gauge
Shows the fuel level in your car's fuel tank
Battery Low Warning Light
When this light goes on, the battery power is low
Temperature Warning Light
This indicates the engine temperature is too hot
Oil Pressure Warning Light
This light indicates when the engine oil is not circulating at the required pressure ; engine oil is at a low level
Temperature Gauge
This gauge indicates the engine temperature. When the engine overheats it will show (H) & will activate a warning light
Gear Display
Shows what gear is currently selected
Tachometer
The tachometer indicates how fast the engine is moving in revolutions per minute (RPM)
Odometer and Trip Odometer
Displays how many miles your Cecile has traveled since it was built. Trip odometer can be reset to zero manually so you can calculate trip mileage and fuel consumption
Fuel Gauge
Indicates the amount of fuel in the gas tank
Speedometer
Indicates the speed of your vehicle in miles and kilometers per hour (MPH/KPH)
Active System Lights
Indicate the status of your vehicle such as the hood, doors, Headlights, and front safety belts
Turn Signal Indicators
Left or right turn signals
Warning Lights
Signs on your dashboard that indicate problems with essential vehicle components including the engine, battery, and brakes
Ignition
Located on either side of the steering wheel and is a multifunction switch, into which you insert the keys.
-turn it clockwise to go to a higher position & counterclockwise to deactivate it
-first position is the off position
-second position causes the dashboard to activate
-third starts the engine
Accelerator
AKA gas pedal
Brake Pedal
Located on the floor to the left of the accelerator. The brake pedal causes the vehicle to slow down/stop
-brakes are all different & some can be conventional or antilock systems (ABS)
Conventional Brakes
Drivers have to apply pumping action to the brakes for sudden stops or in case of a brake failure ; pumping the brake several times rebuilds enough pressure for you to stop
Antilock Systems (ASB)
Driver needs to press down hard on the brake pedal
Parking Break
AKA hand or emergency break, can be operated by your left foot, a lever under the dashboard, or a lever to the right between the front seats
*keeps the car from moving when parked or is used to slow the car down if the regular breaks fail
Automatic Transmission
Located between the front seats ; primary lever sections are D (drive), R (reverse), and P (park)
Manuel Transmission
Gears are selected with a stick shift (handle with a knob at the top) you must be synchronized with gear shifting with pushing the clutch pedal
Clutch Pedal
Found in cars with manual transmission. The pedal is located on the floor to the left of the brake pedal. Must be operated w left heel resting on the ground
Steps to Starting the Car (automatic transmission)
1. Place key in the ignition switch
2. Press the brake pedal with your right foot and change the gear from Park "P" to Drive "D"
3. Move foot from brake to the accelerator and press gently
Steps to Starting the Car (manual transmission)
1. Place the gearshift in neutral
2. With your left foot firmly pressing the clutch and your right foot on the brake pedal, start the engine
3. Release the parking break
4. Move the gearshift lever from neutral to first
Door and Window Controls
Controls on the side of the drivers doors - they can control the windows and if the car is locked
Door Latch
Manual locking mechanism; make sure they are locked and tight to prevent them from flying open
Steering Column
Devices on the steering column include: steering wheel, horn, ignition switch, wiper lever, and multifunction lever *adjustable height
Instrument Panel
Monitor your speed and mileage and condition of the cars components with this panel
Start Button
Newer cars have a push button to start and stop the engine, the car however, may take several seconds to respond
Temperature Controls
These controls set a comfortable internal temperature for the car ; also allows you to have control over your defrosters which enable you to make sure your windows are clear and not foggy in colder weather
Global Positioning System (GPS)
Modern cars may come equipped w GPS ; set your destination before you drive and it can aid you when driving to a new place *dont use while driving
Hazard Light Button
In an emergency, press this button. When activated all four signal lights will flash, alerting others so that they can safely make adjustments to their driving
Stereo System
When used at lower volumes it can help you stay alert, never look away from the road to make adjustments or set volumes so high you can't hear the road
Air Vents
You can change the directions and volume of the air flowing through them
Rearview Mirror
Before driving, adjust manually so that you can see clearly out of your rear window. The switch on the bottom allow you to change the angle of the mirror to reduce the glare
Side Mirrors
Located at the car door exterior of your vehicle on either side and allow you to view traffic to the sides ; they must provide a view of at least 200 ft to the rear of the vehicle
Headlights
Allow you to see your surroundings and give others a way to see you ; must use one half hour after sunset and one half hour before sunrise ; must turn on headlights whenever you use your windshield wipers in bad weather conditions or when there is insufficient light and pedestrians or cars can be seen clearly at a distance of 1,000 feet
Low-Beam
Visibility for at least 100ft
High-Beam
Visibility for at least 350ft *used in times of very low visibility, not used in fog, as they will only reflect the dampened air and blind other drivers
High-Beam Insteuctions
Turn off when:
-an oncoming vehicle is within 500 ft of your vehicle
-the vehicle you are following is within 300ft
Backup Lights
White or yellow and turn on when the vehicle is put into reverse gear. These lights let other drivers know that you intend to back up ; at night they help illuminate the path behind your vehicle
Tailights
Must be visible for 1,000 ft & are red and they're located on the back of your vehicle ; each car must have them
Fog Lights
A vehicle may be equipped with two fog lights in the front or rear to increase visa visability. You should never drive with just your parking or fog lights ; these are used for fog, rain, snow, smoke etc. reduce the visability from a distance less than 500 ft
Turn Signal Lever
Located to the left of the steering wheel usually ; shifting the lever up indicates a right turn and shifting the lever down indicates a left turn ; once the car turns it should turn off automatically but if not turn it off manually ASAP
Muffers
Muffers receive the exhaust gas produced by the engine & reduce noise ; all cars must have then
Mudguards and Fenders
Mudguards reduce the amount of mud or water that splashes up from the rear ; Required w vehicles with more than three wheels ; mounted to the rear of the tires
Vehicle Maintenance
Includes simple routine procedures such as changing the oil, rotating the tires etc.
Regular Maintenance
Health Insurance for your car
Low-cost Maintenance
Can prevent high-cost repairs and prolong the life of your tires, brakes, and other vehicle systems.
Tire Care
Inspected frequently for proper inflation pressure, tread depth, uneven wear, and cracks.
Generally, it's best to replace tires in sets of four.
Car Alignment
Have it checked once a year ; normal wear and road conditions can take a toll on a car's steering and suspension system, possibly throwing off the alignment settings.
Tire Use
You can check the tire identification number on the inner sidewall of the tire (with newer models it's on the outside sidewall). Look for letters "DOT" and the last four digits which show the week and year the tire was manufactured. Should be changed every 6 years regardless of the use.
Car Battery
Play an important role in meeting your needs. It is important to have your battery and charging system checked at least once a year.
Alternator Belt
The alternator belt should be inspected often and replaced if cracked, oil soaked, glazed, badly worn, or otherwise damaged. Too much tension can overload the alternator's bearings and shorten the unit's life. Too little tension may cause the belt to slip.
Lights
Checking your vehicle's lights is a simple process. Begin by walking around the car with the headlights turned on and make sure each light is activated. Don't overlook the license and parking lights.
Gas Leaks
Leaks in your fuel system can cause fires or expose you to toxic gases. These leaks can occur in the fuel tank, fuel lines, fuel pump, carburetor, and fuel injector lines, or when the car's gas cap is not securely attached.
Brake Fluid Level
If the level is low, brake fluid should be added to maintain a full level. Of course, the best possible brake maintenance is preventive maintenance. By not using your brakes excessively, you extend their life and minimize the costs of brake maintenance.
Simple ways to increase vehicle efficiency and save fuel
Accelerate smoothly.
Watch your tachometer. When a tachometer shows that your engine is racing, it is using a lot of gas.
By driving at 55-60 mph instead of 65-70 mph, you could improve your gas mileage by 20% or more.
Pay special attention to hills. Accelerate before you start climbing the hill, instead of on the hill itself. This technique uses your car's momentum instead of additional fuel.
Smog check
Smog inspections are required for all vehicles except diesel powered vehicles, electric, natural gas powered vehicles over 14,000 lbs, hybrids, motorcycles, trailers, or vehicles 1975 and older.
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