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24 terms

Biology Review; Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration & Mitosis & Meiosis

STUDY
PLAY
What causes bread to rise?
Carbon Dioxide
These organisms are used to make wine
Bacteria
When oxygen is unavailable, human cells go through fermentation and produce
Lactic Acid
Fermentation produces _____ ATP compared to the citric acid cycle
less
What are the 2 types of anaerobic respiration?
Lactic Acid and Alcoholic Fermentation
What are the names of three processes that occur in aerobic respiration?
Citric Acid Cycle, Glycolysis, and Electron Transport Chain
What makes 32 ATP?
Electron Transport Chain
Sister Chromatids are held by __________
centromere
Cells that contain 1 of each type of chromosome are _________
haploid
Cells that contain 2 of each type of chromosome are _______
diploid
The process of meiosis produces _________
haploid
Give 2 examples of gametes
sperm and egg cells
What is the longest phase of mitosis?
Prophase
The nuclear envelope and the nucleolus disintegrates when?
Prophase
When are the Spindle Fibers formed?
Prophase
The spindle fibers pull sister chromatids apart during when?
Anaphase
The centromere splits when?
Anaphase
The individual chromosomes move to opposite poles of the cell in what phase?
Anaphase
The Spindle fibers attache to to the centromere
Metaphase
When do the chromosomes uncoil into chromatin?
Telophase
The nuclear envelope re-forms around chromatin
Telophase
The spindle breaks apart
Telophase
The nucleolus becomes visible
Telophase
The Cell Membrane begins to split in two
Telophase