Social Inclusion and Exclusion
Terms in this set (11)
The ability of individuals and groups to move vertically within a social hierarchy with changes in income, occupation and so on.
Those members of a society who occupy a similar position in the economic system of production. The different social classes experience wide variations in wealth, status, material possessions, education, power
and authority. The hierarchical nature of the class system is expressed in labels such as 'upper class', 'middle class', 'lower middle class' and 'working class'. While the division of society into a series of social classes is a form of social stratification, social mobility is possible.
A measure of an individual's class standing, typically indicated by income, occupational prestige, educational attainment and wealth.
A culturally defined sequence of age categories through which people are usually expected to pass as they progress from birth to death.
A social construction, the members of which are treated as distinct or different on the basis of certain characteristics, some biological, that have been assigned a social value by others - for example, skin colour or other physical characteristics.
An individual's identification with, or sense of belonging to, an ethnic group. This is based on perceived common origins that people share, such as a specific ancestry and culture, that mark them as different from others.
As society becomes more complex, differences between groups are used to distinguish between them. These differences may be based on biological or physiological differences, such as gender or ethnicity, or sociocultural differences, such as class and status. These criteria divide society into social groups on the basis of perceived differences between groups.
Occurs when individuals and groups within a society have the same chances of access to education, wealth, power, equal rights under the law, and so on. True social equality occurs when there is social mobility
and access to opportunities and resources that are socially valued. True equality is often thought of as an ideal, rather than an achievable reality.
Rights that you are entitled to you on the basis that you are human. An internationally agreed upon list of these rights was created in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. This list included the right to life, the right to shelter, the right to work and the right to fair trial.
The attitude, usually negative, that involves prejudgments or preconceived ideas, negative feelings and stereotyped beliefs held towards a whole group
or its individual members.
Treating a person or group differently, often in a negative manner, usually as a result of prejudice. Discrimination may also be positive, designed to redress perceived injustice.