AP LANG TERMS
Terms in this set (57)
A story/poem/picture that can be used to reveal a deeper meaning
A passage in a speech or poem addressed to a person or object
A metaphor that appears multiple times throughout a work
Irony (dramatic, situational, verbal, aristotelian)
Dramatic : when the audience knows something a character doesn't l
Situational: when something happens that contradicts what is expected
Verbal: when someone says something that contradicts what is expected
A comparison of two unlike ideas without using like or as
Using an object with a close association to another object interchangeably
A word that is spelled like a sound i.e. bang, zoom, etc
Two adjacent words that contradict eachother
An absurd statement that has some underlying truth to it
An inanimate object is given human-like qualities
A play on words
A question that doesn't expect an answer
Using a part to represent the whole
Repitition of the same sound beginning several words in sequence
Repitition of a word/phrase at the beginning of successive phrases/clauses/lines
The repition of words in successive clauses but un transposed order
Opposition/contrast of ideas/words in a balanced/parallel construction
The absence of conjunctions
Words or concepts are repeated in reverse order
Similarity of structure in a pair/series of related words/phrases/clauses
The use of conjunctions
A word applies to two others in different senses
A reference to an outside person, work, etc.
A comparison of two or more ideas. A:B as C:D
A statement/observation that contains a general truth
Obsolete words or phrases.
A subject's distinctive features are purposefully exaggerated.
Use of informal words/phrases or slang
Two vastly different objects are made similar through the use of metaphors or similes
A brief, memorable, interesting, and surprisingly satirical statement.
Polite, indirect expressions that replace harsh, impolite expressions.
A sermon/speech given by a religious figure
Two contrasting ideas are placed next two each other.
A humorous imitation of a serious work in literature.
Using humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize a person, corporation, or government.
The comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as"
One object or idea is used to represent another object or idea.
How the author feels about the characters or the work
An extreme under-exaggeration
A pronoun, noun or other word refers back to an earlier clause, phrase, or word.
A noun/word is followed by another noun/word that identifies it.
Contains a subject and a predicate
A sentence with multiple subjects and predicates
A sentence with 2+ coordinate independent clauses, and 1+ dependent clause.
The use of punctuation to combine two independent clauses.
Cumulative (loose) sentence
A sentence with a main clause and following clauses that refer back to the main clause.
Sentence that states a claim or facts.
An incomplete thought
A sentence that makes a call to action.
The verb is placed before the noun.
A sentence that asks a question
The main clause or predicate is at the end of the sentence.
A noun/pronoun that follows a linking verb and refers to the same thing as the subject.
A sentence with one clause, one subject and one predicate.
The noun/pronoun/adjective that follows a linking verb
A clause, usually introduced by a conjunction, that is dependent on the main clause.
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