85 terms

health study

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nutrients to repair or build new tissues.
conversion of nutrients into energy
protein helps biochemical reactions within the body
cell converts nutrients into energy or materials for growth, repair, reproduction, and maintenance.
Food nutrients
carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water.
digestive tract
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine.
carbohydrates are broken down into
simple sugars, glucose, proteins amino acids fats, fatty acids, glycerol
cell's main source of energy
amino acids and fats
repair cell structures
Important for anabolism & catabolism
Vitamins $ minerals
80 percent water.
Daily water intake
Eight to ten cups
75 percent water
20 percent water
Fruits and vegetables are
90 percent water.
Primary source of energy
glucose is stored
in the liver as a form of starch
complex carbohydrates
• whole-grain breads and cereals
• naturally occurring sugars found in fruit and milk products
• pasta
• vegetables, like potatoes and corn
• beans
Simple carbohydrates
candy, table sugar, honey, and maple syrup. t blood sugar levels to rise rapidly
a hormone produced by the pancreas to help muscle cells utilize glucose.
dietary fats
saturated and unsaturated.
Saturated fats
are found in animal products, such as meat, cheese, lard, and butter, and some plant oils, such as coconut oil and palm oil. They also increase a certain type of cholesterol known as low-density lipoprotein
Unsaturated fats
are found in vegetables or nuts. Peanuts, olives, sunflower seeds, avocados, olives, and corn contain unsaturated fats.
Fatty acids
organic acids that aid in the transportation and breakdown of cholesterol
is used by the body to synthesize Vitamin D, to maintain the proper functioning of nerve cells, to keep skin soft and supple, and to transport fat to cells.
fats aid in the
absorption of Vitamins A, D, E, and K. development of healthy bones, teeth, and skin
Excess fats stored
in tissue under the skin and around vital organs
essential to cellular construction, reproduction, and maintenance. used for energy
Essential amino acids
complete protein
is a protein source that contains all the essential amino acids(milk)
chemicals that are essential to all cellular activity. they are only found in living things
Vitamins essential for health
Fat-soluble vitamins
are dependent upon fats for absorption
Water-soluble vitamins
include Vitamins C, B12, and B complex vitamins. stores for a very short period of time must be ingested daily
Vitamin C
reproduction of bone tissue
function with enzymes to build new cells, repair damaged ones, and utilize energy. they are used to build teeth, bones, muscles, and nerve cells, and to maintain the correct functioning of the heart and the brain
used by the human body to maintain health
used by the human body to maintain health
needed in large amounts for good health. include calcium, chlorine, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and sulfur. Trace elements include chromium, copper, fluoride, iodine, iron, selenium, and zinc
Dairy products
calcium, protein, and Vitamins A and D.
strong bones and teeth
equivalent of 4 to 5 glasses of milk each day
Vitamins A and D
fortified milk
Meat and beans
best source of protein
Vitamin B12 , B-complex , iron, and other minerals.
Organ meats
good sources of iron.
scientific measurement of fuel converted to energy
list fats, carbohydrates, protein, and vitamin and mineral value
saturated fats
blood cholesterol levels.
Anorexia nervosa
Eating disorder
Elements needed in small amounts for good health
Trace elements : chromium, copper, fluoride, iodine, iron, selenium, and zinc
Most concentrated form of energy
fat % calories per gram
Aids absorb vitamins,protects organs ,digest other food
% of fat in diet
good eating habits
basis for physical fitness
exercise will enable you
to perform daily tasks with an increased amount of energy and enthusiasm.
Aerobic exercise
cellular fuel provides muscles with the energy
skeletal muscles
consist of two types of fibers, fast twitch
Fast twitch
enable you to exert a great amount of power in a short period of time
Slow twitch muscle
great endurance exert force repeatedly for an extended period of time
demonstrates the possible range of motion of muscles, joints, and ligaments. Regular participation in stretching exercises increases circulation, making muscles and joints more flexible
body composition
examined with regards to lean mass in proportion to fat
three body types
ectomorph, endomorph, and mesomorph
tall and thin
normal height and are well built
bodies are short and stout
anaerobic exercise
strenuous exertion of a specific muscle group does not require the use of oxygen causes the muscle cells to produce lactic acid
Muscles can
only function without oxygen for a short period of time
Physical fitness
functioning of the circulatory, respiratory, and muscular systems
measurement of Cardiorespiratory
muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and body composition are measurements of physical fitness
Cardiorespiratory fitness
the ability of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems to efficiently transfer oxygen and nutrients to skeletal muscles
determine cardiorespiratory fitness
measure your resting heart rate
Aerobic exercise
seeks to strengthen the heart and increase the capacity of the lungs through the extended use of large muscle groups. target heart rate for at least 12 minutes.
spiritual state
aspect of your well-being.
Ephesians 2:1
paints a picture of our desperate situation by proclaiming that, aside from Christ, we are "dead
evidence of salvation
trust in Christ, obedience to God, growth in holiness, fruit of the Spirit, love for other Christians, positive influence on others, adhering to the apostolic teaching, and the testimony of the Holy Spirit within them
spiritual progress
dependent upon the indwelling of the Holy Spirit.
fruit of the Spirit
love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, self control
enduring mark of the Christian
True love for God
is evidenced by wholehearted obedience
second greatest
love our neighbors as ourselves
first greatest
love god more than anything else
Bible directs us to deny self
The pursuit of godliness
begins by seeking first the kingdom of God and His righteousness