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An agreement between two or more parties(a party can be a person, a group, business, government, etc..)
Preponderance of the Evidence
Carefully studying all evidence at a trial and decides if a defendent is liable or not liable.
A trial jury, usually consisiting of 6 or 12 people, that considers evidence at a trial and decides if the defendent is innocent or guilty.
Out of Court Settlement
An agreement made privately between the parties to a civil suit before a trial court decision.
a government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state(attorney).
A group that hears charges against a suspect and decides whether or not there is sufficent evidence to bring the person to trial.
reasonable cause for issuing a search warrant or making an arrest; more than mere suspicion
Presumption of Innocence
In the United States a person is considered not guilty until proven in a court of law.
The process by which a defendent pleads guilty to a lesser crime that the one they are charged with an order to recive a lesser sentence.
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