22 terms

Civil Law

A person who brings charges in court.
A person who is charged with a criminal act or civil wrong-doing.
An agreement between two or more parties(a party can be a person, a group, business, government, etc..)
Breach of Contract
occurs when one party fails to live up to the terms of a contract
A wrongful act for which an injured person has the right to sue.
the trait of neglecting responsibilities and lacking concern.
monetary award to compensate for the loss caused by a tort.
Preponderance of the Evidence
Carefully studying all evidence at a trial and decides if a defendent is liable or not liable.
Petit Jury
A trial jury, usually consisiting of 6 or 12 people, that considers evidence at a trial and decides if the defendent is innocent or guilty.
Out of Court Settlement
An agreement made privately between the parties to a civil suit before a trial court decision.
A person who is charged with a criminal act or civil wrong-doing.
a government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state(attorney).
Reasonable Doubt
when a juror or jury is not 100% positive of guilt or innocence in a trial.
A major crime, such as murder, bank robbery, or bribery.
A minor crime that is usually punishable by fine or less than 1 year in jail.
Grand Jury
A group that hears charges against a suspect and decides whether or not there is sufficent evidence to bring the person to trial.
A formal charge by a grand jury.
Probable Cause
reasonable cause for issuing a search warrant or making an arrest; more than mere suspicion
Presumption of Innocence
In the United States a person is considered not guilty until proven in a court of law.
Plea Bargaining
The process by which a defendent pleads guilty to a lesser crime that the one they are charged with an order to recive a lesser sentence.
Habeas Corpus
A legal document that requires a person to appear before a court or judge.
a court order requiring appearance and/or testimony.