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A person who brings charges in court.


A person who is charged with a criminal act or civil wrong-doing.


An agreement between two or more parties(a party can be a person, a group, business, government, etc..)

Breach of Contract

occurs when one party fails to live up to the terms of a contract


A wrongful act for which an injured person has the right to sue.


the trait of neglecting responsibilities and lacking concern.


monetary award to compensate for the loss caused by a tort.

Preponderance of the Evidence

Carefully studying all evidence at a trial and decides if a defendent is liable or not liable.

Petit Jury

A trial jury, usually consisiting of 6 or 12 people, that considers evidence at a trial and decides if the defendent is innocent or guilty.

Out of Court Settlement

An agreement made privately between the parties to a civil suit before a trial court decision.


A person who is charged with a criminal act or civil wrong-doing.


a government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state(attorney).

Reasonable Doubt

when a juror or jury is not 100% positive of guilt or innocence in a trial.


A major crime, such as murder, bank robbery, or bribery.


A minor crime that is usually punishable by fine or less than 1 year in jail.

Grand Jury

A group that hears charges against a suspect and decides whether or not there is sufficent evidence to bring the person to trial.


A formal charge by a grand jury.

Probable Cause

reasonable cause for issuing a search warrant or making an arrest; more than mere suspicion

Presumption of Innocence

In the United States a person is considered not guilty until proven in a court of law.

Plea Bargaining

The process by which a defendent pleads guilty to a lesser crime that the one they are charged with an order to recive a lesser sentence.

Habeas Corpus

A legal document that requires a person to appear before a court or judge.


a court order requiring appearance and/or testimony.

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