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Arts and Humanities
Chapter 3 vocab and apostels
Terms in this set (31)
- Another name for the Book of Revelation, the final book of the Bible, which is attributed to St. John and written during his exile on the island of Patmos
Describes any book purporting to be inspired but ultimately not accepted by the Church as part of Sacred Scripture
- A specific gift or grace of the Holy Spirit that directly or indirectly benefits the Church. It is given in order to help a person live out the Christian life or serve the common good in building up the Church.
Generally, the entire assembly of the faithful People of God; more specifically, particularly when spelled with a capital C, it refers to the Catholic Church
Council of Jerusalem
Recounted in Acts 15, this sunod of the Apostles AD 49 or 50 spoke with the authority of Christ in deciding that Gentile converts to Christianity did not have to be circumcised according to the law of Moses
From the Greek oikoumene, meaning "the whole inhabited world." A formal synod of bishops (sometimes with other ecclesiastics)
- An ancient heretical sect that believed, among other things, that salvation came from obtaining secret experiential knowledge
The eternal state of supreme and definitive happiness with God; communion of life and love with the Trinity and all the blessed
The worship of God in Heaven by the angels and saints, led by Christ the High Priest, who re-presents the sacrificial offering of himself to the Father
Keys of the Kingdom
In the Old Testament, the sign of the office prime minister, who is appointed by the king to have primacy over all his other servants; in the New Testament, Jesus gives the "keys to the kingdom" to St. Peter, indicating that he would be both the leader in this Church and Christ's own representative on earth- in other words, the first Pope
- Greek for "witness". A witness to the truth of the Faith in which a Christian endures suffering and even death for Christ
The principal sacramental celebration and worship of the Catholic church, established by Jesus at the Last Supper, in which the mystery of salvation through participation in the sacrificial Death and glorious Resurrection of Christ is renewed and accomplished
A Jewish festival, fifty days after Passover, celebrating the giving of the Law to Moses at Sinai. On the fiftieth day after the Resurrection, the Holy Spirit was manifested, given, and communicated to the Apostles
People of God-
All the faithful from among humanity who seek and desire to know and love God
Primacy of Peter
The position of being First in rank or authority. The Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles bear witness to St. Peter's primacy among the Apostles.
- The literal meaning of the name Peter, taken from its Greek form Petros. Jesus gave St. Peter his name to indicate that he would be the "rock"
- The Bible; the canonical writings validated by the Church as inerrant and inspired by the Holy Spirit
From the Latin traditio ("to hand down"); the Church's teachings that have been passed down through the ages through the successors of the Apostles
- In its more specific sense, any individual who has died and been canonized by the Catholic Church, meaning that the person is known to be in Heaven
Vicar of Christ
- Term used for the Pope that emphasizes his role as a representative of Christ himself; from the Latin vicarius, meaning "in the person of."
The eternal state of supreme and definitive happiness with God; communion of life and love with the Trinity and all the blessed.
- the name ------- is mentioned in the New Testament. He was introduced to Christ through St. Peter
Greek name means "manly". He was the brother of Simon Peter and the son of John. His name is mentioned multiple times in the gospel.
is treated as a model for Christians to follow. Jesus calls Peter his "rock".
He plays the biggest role in John and appears a little in other gospels. The name Philip means "lover of horses".
the apostle was also referred to as "Didymus". He was not there when the risen Lord had appeared to the other apostles on the evening of Easter Day
He was the brother of one of the other apostles St. James. He is the mystery apostle because he is the one the synoptic gospels disagree on. He was also known as Jude Lebbeus
He was described as a betrayer and a traitor. Judas betrayed Jesus with a kiss. He hung himself and his body fell into the Kidron Valley
Sometimes in the New Testament he is called Simon the Zealot because of the zeal he showed for the Mosaic Law which he practiced before his call. His name meant "large hearted".
rose and followed Jesus and tendered him a feast in his house. It caused a protest from the Pharisees. Jesus told them "I came not to call the just, but sinners".
He was the first disciple to hasten to the grave and first to believe that Chris had risen. He was the first of the seven disciples who recognized his Master standing on the shore
Sets with similar terms
Chapter 3 Theology Vocabulary
Apostles/ Chapter 3 Vocab
Chapter 3(the sacraments of salvation)
Vocabulary Chapter 3